Framework agreement reached on the Iranian nuclear issue. Tehran celebrates
Tehran (AsiaNews) - Last night, the last day of the Iranian New Year, Nowruz, an agreement was reached between Iran and the 5 + 1 in Lausanne in Switzerland that gives guarantees on the peaceful development of the Iranian nuclear program and provides for the lifting of economic and financial sanctions that have plagued the country's economy for decades.
There was jubilation of the streets of Tehran with groups taking to the streets in their cars baring Iranian flags. Although it is a holiday, for days people - especially those of the middle class – have been following the developments of the dialogue minute by minute.
"The celebrations for the deal - says a young man speaking to AsiaNews from the capital - continue to day: the web is full of photos, messages, comments, and social activists continue to thank the American and Iranian delegations. So far, however, the details of the agreement have not been made public and we do not know yet when they the sanctions will be lifted".
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, speaking on national television, said that "a framework agreement has been concluded"; the same was reported by the US Secretary of State John Kerry, but the details are not completely clear.
What is known is that Iran's ability to enrich uranium will be reduced by two-thirds (centrifuges will increase from 19 thousand to about 6 thousand); that a nuclear reactor will be restored because it does not produce enriched plutonium; more inspections by the UN nuclear agency will be allowed. Western sanctions - according to the European version - will be lifted depending on the fulfillment of the commitments by Tehran. It is unclear whether this means that the EU will take away some sanctions immediately. What is certain is that any final agreement has to be verified and passed by the UN Security Council.
The most unhappy with this step towards the final agreement is first and foremost Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who claims that the agreement "will increase the risks of nuclear proliferation and the risk of a horrible war." Others opposed to the Agreement include the "hardliners" in Tehran, opponents of Rouhani, who lurk among Revolutionary Guards and who have built a business empire on the smuggling of goods prohibited by the embargo.
"They are already spreading many negative messages on the agreement - says a source in Iran - but people no longer believe them."