27 July 2017
AsiaNews.it Twitter AsiaNews.it Facebook
Geographic areas




  • > Africa
  • > Central Asia
  • > Europe
  • > Middle East
  • > Nord America
  • > North Asia
  • > South Asia
  • > South East Asia
  • > South West Asia
  • > Sud America
  • > East Asia


  • » 05/08/2015, 00.00

    INDIA – BANGLADESH

    After 41 years, India and Bangladesh settle land dispute

    Nozrul Islam

    The Indian parliament has unanimously approved an amendment that implements the 1974 India-Bangladesh boundary agreement. Residents of the affected communities will be able to return to their country of origin or obtain the citizenship in their host country. The event is celebrated as a "milestone" in bilateral relations.

    New Delhi (AsiaNews) - After 41 years, India and Bangladesh have reached an historic agreement that settles once and for all their boundary problem and the issue of sovereignty over their enclaves.

    Yesterday, the Indian Parliament ratified an amendment to the Constitution, implementing the India-Bangladesh boundary agreement of 1974.

    In a rare show of unanimity, all 331 members present in the Lok Sabha (House of Representatives or Lower House) voted in favour of the bill.

    In Dhaka, the decision is seen as a victory for Bangladesh against "big brother", and the beginning of a rapprochement between the two nations.

    Bangladesh and India share a 4,096-kilometre-long international border. On a stretch of a few kilometres, more than 150 enclaves – about 50 Bangladeshi enclaves in India, and 100 Indian ones in Bangladesh – are home to about 50,000 people.

    This is a small number of people compared to the total population of the two countries – 162 million for Bangladesh, and 1.2 billion for India – but they have remained an odd historical legacy of the 1947 partition.

    However, for these communities the situation has been one of injustice that deprived them of their political, economic and social rights.

    The proposed solution enables each side to acquire the enclaves within its borders, along with other disputed territories. People living in the enclaves would have the right to move to their country of reference or become nationals of their 'new' country after the exchange.

    Right after the bill's passage, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi spoke to Bangladesh PM Sheikh Hasina and described the bill's passage as a "historic milestone" in bilateral ties between the two countries.

    Modi is not very popular in Bangladesh, where 89 per cent of the population is Muslim, because he is considered anti-Islamic. However, Bangladesh officials praised India’s leaders for the mission accomplished.

    Actually, the 119th amendment was the work of the government of former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, under the Congress Party, which is now in opposition.

    India’s current External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj from the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party-led government acknowledged his role.

    "Manmohan Singh is the one who started the whole thing. I have merely completed the task," she said.

    She pointed out that the bill is the same – to the last comma and full stop – as the one presented by the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) in Parliament in December 2013.

    e-mail this to a friend Printable version










    See also

    24/02/2009 VIETNAM - CHINA
    Last stone laid to mark border between China and Vietnam
    A ceremony for the completion of an operation marking the transcendence of historical divisions. Ten years have gone by since the signing of the treaty establishing the boundary between the two countries.

    08/06/2015 BANGLADESH – INDIA
    Narendra Modi gets land swap and coastal shipping deal with Bangladesh
    India’s Modi and Bangladesh’s Hasina signed 22 agreements and memoranda of understanding. Land Boundary Agreement on enclaves is inked. Coastal shipping in the Bay of Bengal gets the green light. However, there is no deal on river sharing, especially over the Teesta. Bangladeshi Hindus ask for help against persecution.

    30/12/2011 INDIA
    Indian government’s anti-corruption law becomes "waste paper"
    At the meeting of the Rajya Sabha (Upper House) a Parliamentarian ripped up the sheets of a minister, leading a discussion that has forced Parliament to cancel the session. Opposition: "All staged, the government knows it is only a minority." No comment from the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, but his political future is now at risk.

    20/05/2013 INDIA - CHINA
    Chinese Premier in Delhi, to strengthen "trust" and trade
    It is the first foreign trip of Prime Minister Li Keqiang, who then will go on to Pakistan, Switzerland and Germany. He met his Indian counterpart Singh and recalled the "great importance" of bilateral relations., But did not mention the recent tension on the borders, caused by Chinese troops invading Indian territory.

    16/11/2006 INDIA – CHINA
    Buddhist political and religious leaders in Indian border state fear Chinese territorial ambitions
    China's ambassador to India claims Arunachal Pradesh. Local leaders call on New Delhi to show resolve against Beijing.



    Editor's choices

    CHINA - VATICAN
    60 years of the Chinese Patriotic Association: the Church subordinated to Politics

    Shan Ren Shen Fu (山人神父)

    Although in a low key - perhaps because of talks with the Vatican - the slogan for an "autonomous" and "independent" Church (from the Holy See) is completely subjugated to Party politics. Official bishops die like "state officials" far from the faithful. The Party forces its members to atheism. There are few  "witnesses" among official bishops and many  "opportunists".

     


    VATICAN
    Pope appeals for "moderation and dialogue" in Jerusalem



    At the Angelus Francis, concerned about the violence in the Holy City, asks all to pray "so that the Lord may inspire intentions of reconciliation and peace in all." Evil and good are "intertwined" in each of us, and it is not for man to distinguish or judge.


    AsiaNews IS ALSO A MONTHLY!

    AsiaNews monthly magazine (in Italian) is free.
     

    SUBSCRIBE NOW

    News feed

    Canale RSScanale RSS 

    Add to Google









     

    IRAN 2016 Banner

    2003 © All rights reserved - AsiaNews C.F. e P.Iva: 00889190153 - GLACOM®