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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 06/08/2012, 00.00

    SYRIA

    Annan peace plan for Syria needs Security Council action



    UN-Arab League envoy calls on SC members to put pressure on regime, blamed for most of the violence in the country. Sources tell AsiaNews that the fight for democracy that started in 2011 has led to a factional fight with fighting to continue with or without Assad.

    Damascus (AsiaNews) - The massacres in Houla and al-Qubair are evidence that the UN-Arab League peace plan is failing. They show that the Syrian government has done very little to stop the violence. At the Security Council, UN-Arab League envoy Kofi Annan urged the 15 members to put pressure on the Syrian government. Only when the regime of Bashar al-Assad assumes responsibility for what is happening will the fighting end. However, Syrian authorities appear unwilling to lay stop the violent actions of its armed forces and paramilitary militias in rebel-held areas.

    "The international community has united, but it now must take that that unity to a new level," Annan said. The plan is not dead, as some have recently announced, it has not been implemented. So long as fighting continues, a civil war cannot be averted.

    Mr Annan is now pushing for the establishment of contact group, including the big powers (S, France, UK, Russia and China) and the main regional players with influence with Damascus and the opposition (Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Turkey and Iran).

    The goal is to break the deadlock in the Security Council, getting Russia and China to accept a political transition that would see Assad step aside.

    Today, although condemning the massacres in Houla and al-Qubair, Moscow and Beijing reiterated their opposition to a sweeping de-legitimisation of the Assad regime.

    Sources in Syria, anonymous for security reasons, told AsiaNews that the United Nations is hard pressed to find a solution. The fact is no one knows what is actually going on.

    Non-Muslim foreigners, diplomats, officials and journalists that are coming to the country are at the mercy of the factional fighting.

    UN observers are facing huge obstacles in their mission as well. This is making it harder to see the broader picture and future strategies to settle the conflict rapidly.

    Unknown gunmen, apparently from both sides, fired against the UN team on its way to al-Qubair where 78 people were killed.  

    "The battle for democracy that began in 2011 is in reality a factional fight," sources said. "This is typical of the Muslim world where freedom is confused with anarchy and parliamentary politics with might is right. The factions will fight until one of them wins."

    "The cycle of violence will continue with or without Assad. All Syrians will pay a price. They have already been paying in terms of sanctions, abductions, murders, and foreign Muslim militias that are spreading to areas hitherto spared like Alep."

    The only alternative to total war is diplomacy through talks, even harsh, with the regime, which despite its violence is the only one capable of controlling its forces.

    By contrast, the Syrian National Council appears a motley crew of factions without any influence on Muslim extremists who will fight against Assad and the Alawis first, and then all the other minorities in Syria, especially Christians, thanks to the weapons provided by Arab countries. (S.C.)

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    See also

    27/03/2012 SYRIA
    For Syrian priest, Assad's acceptance of Annan plan is a sign of hope
    For former UN secretary general, Syrian president's agreement is a first step towards peace between government and rebels. Opposition groups push for military intervention and a buffer zone on Turkish border.

    26/03/2012 SYRIA
    Kofi Annan's mission may be the "last chance" to avoid civil war in Syria, Medvedev says
    Russian president backs former UN general secretary's plan, but does not say how it can be implemented. US president and Turkish prime minister talk about providing "non-lethal" aid to Syrian rebels. Human Rights Watch accuses Syrian forces of using human shields in front of soldiers and tanks.

    17/04/2012 SYRIA
    As rebels and regime violate the ceasefire, Kofi Annan's plan collapses
    Speaking to AsiaNews, sources describe a chaotic, unstable and dangerous situation. Extremists who flocked to Syria only to kill are among the opposition. UN-Arab League observers begin their mission.

    19/12/2015 SYRIA – UNITED NATIONS
    UN adopts resolution for peace in Syria but no word on Assad’s fate
    The Security Council unanimously adopts Resolution 2254 to achieve “credible, inclusive and non-sectarian governance” within six months and elections within 18 months. Air strikes against the Islamic State group are set to continue. The fate of Syria’s president is not mentioned.

    12/04/2012 SYRIA
    Ceasefire between regime and rebels appears to be holding
    Syrian Human Rights Observatory chief reports calm across the country. UN- and Arab League-sponsored ceasefire came into effect at 6 am (local time). In case of violation, Syrian military and the Free Syrian Army threaten to resume hostilities. Clashes were reported yesterday in Homs and other Syrian cities.



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