The four BRIC countries account for 40% of the world’s population and 15% of the global economy, for which they claim a greater voice and representation in international financial institutions”. They there was a strong need for a stable, predictable and more diversified global monetary system and urged support for a more democratic and just "multipolar" world order. There was no explicit mention of the US dollar or the United States in the statement, but the desire to remove it from the role of dominant International currency is evident.
However, a common vision on immediate steps is lacking. Medvedev called for a “more diversified” monetary system yesterday to reduce dependency on the world’s reserve currency. But China has over 2 billion US dollars in its reserve and does not want the American currency to loose its value now. Instead Beijing is in favour of a progressive extension of Yuan value across neighbouring states: yesterday the Chinese Communist Party’s official newspaper, the People’s Daily, explained in an editorial that the substitution of the dollar with other currencies had already begun through bi- or multilateral agreements between states and that the process will be gradual.
Analysts observe that the differences between BRIC nations far out weigh their common interests. During the summit Chinese President Hu Jintao and Indian Premier Manmohan Singh spoke of the unresolved issue between the two states of the 3500 km long border. On June 15th only hours before the leaders arrival at the summit India moved an estimated 15-30 thousand troops to the border area as well as aircraft. Beijing lays claims to entire regions which India has no intention of ceding.