2 March, 2015 AsiaNews.it Twitter AsiaNews.it Facebook            

Help AsiaNews | About us | P.I.M.E. | | RssNewsletter | Mobile





mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato
e-mail this to a friend printable version


» 01/14/2009
IRAQ - UN
Baghdad ratifies UN treaty on chemical weapons
For the Iraqi ambassador at the United Nations, this demonstrates the willingness to "cooperate with the international community" for "peace and stability in the Middle East." The possession of chemical weapons was at the origin of the war launched by the United States in 2003 against Saddam Hussein. The former rais had used chemical weapons to annihilate Kurdish resistance in the northern part of the country.

Baghdad (AsiaNews/Agencies) - Iraq yesterday submitted its ratification of the treaty banning chemical weapons at the United Nations, joining the list of countries - 186 with the addition of Iraq - that adhere to the chemical weapons convention promulgated by the UN in 1997.

According to Hamid al-Bayati, the Iraqi ambassador to the United Nations, this reflects "the Iraqi government's will to cooperate with the international community," the determination to "remove the remnants and effects of the former regime and to work towards the stability of the Middle East." The decision has been hailed by UN secretary general Ban Ki-moon, according to whom it "demonstrates [Iraq's] commitment to disarmament and non-proliferation" of unconventional weapons.

Al-Bayati stresses that the ratification is in accord with the Iraqi constitution, which requires respect for the convention on the non-proliferation of chemical and nuclear weapons. The Iraqi ambassador to the United Nations says that his country is determined "to participate in maintaining international peace and security."

The possession and production of chemical weapons was given as the main reason for the war launched by the United States against the former dictator Saddam Hussein, in 2003. In the past, the rais had often resorted to unconventional weapons to wipe out rebel groups or minorities contrary to the regime. In 1988, Saddam had ordered a massive campaign against Kurdish rebels in the north east of the country, blamed for supporting Iran at a time when Iraq was at war with the country. The use of chemical weapons during the offensive against the Kurds - nicknamed "al-Anfal," "the spoils of war" - killed tens of thousands of people. The most glaring case concerned the attack on the city of Halabja, during which it is estimated that more than 5,000 people were killed by gas.

Saddam's closest collaborators included his cousin Ali Hassan al-Majeed (in the photo), better known as "Chemical Ali," twice condemned to death for his role in the offensive against the Kurds. His execution has been delayed repeatedly because of conflicts inside the Iraqi government, and has yet to be carried out.

In April of 2003, the American military campaign led to the fall of the former rais and his capture a few months later. Investigations on the part of international observers did not find any evidence of chemical weapons production.


e-mail this to a friend printable version

See also
03/02/2005 IRAQ
Iraqi judge and son gunned down
04/29/2008 IRAQ
Tariq Aziz on trial, bishop of Kirkuk: "justice, but in respect of man"
03/17/2007 IRAQ
Iraq remembers the victims of the Halabja chemical attack
03/03/2009 IRAQ
Tareq Aziz’s acquittal upholds the rule of law, says Iraqi Christian
12/22/2008 IRAQ
Iraqi bishops: This is our Christmas, between hopes and sufferings

Editor's choices
EGYPT - ISLAM
What Tayeb and Sisi said is big step towards a revolution in Islam
by Samir Khalil SamirThe grand imam of Al-Azhar slammed literalist interpretations of the Qur'an and the Sunnah, as fundamentalists and Islamic terrorists do. He supports the urgent need for Islam's reform, especially in terms of teaching lay people and clerics. He also calls for an end to mutual excommunication (takfir) between Sunnis and Shias. Egyptian President al-Sisi chose to fight the Islamic state group after it beheaded 21 Coptic Christians, whom he called "Egyptian citizens" with full rights.
SAUDI ARABIA - ISLAM
For head of Al-Azhar, religious education reform is needed to stop Islamic extremismFor Ahmed al-Tayeb, it is urgent to come up with new educational programmes to avoid "corrupt interpretations" of the Qur'an and Sunnah. Islamic terrorism undermines the unity of the Muslim world. He blames Mideast tensions on a "new global colonialism allied to world Zionism". a speech by the Saudi king is read at the conference.
HONG KONG - CHINA - VATICAN
It looks like someone is trying to shout us down
by Card. Joseph Zen Ze-kiunThe widespread optimism concerning the dialogue between the Holy See and China is largely groundless. Some Chinese bishops unable to speak freely are asked "leading" questions. The key issues remain unresolved, namely episcopal appointments and the fate of the Chinese Catholic Patriotic Association. Benedict XVI's Letter to Chinese Catholics, also cited by Pope Francis, provides guidelines. No agreement is better than a bad agreement. What happened to Msgr. Cosma Shi Enxiang and Msgr. James Su Zhimin? Hong Kong's bishop emeritus, champion of religious freedom in China, delivers a vibrant reflection.

Dossier

by Giulio Aleni / (a cura di) Gianni Criveller
pp. 176
Copyright © 2003 AsiaNews C.F. 00889190153 All rights reserved. Content on this site is made available for personal, non-commercial use only. You may not reproduce, republish, sell or otherwise distribute the content or any modified or altered versions of it without the express written permission of the editor. Photos on AsiaNews.it are largely taken from the internet and thus considered to be in the public domain. Anyone contrary to their publication need only contact the editorial office which will immediately proceed to remove the photos.