» 08/27/2012, 00.00
Card. Zen remembers Card. Paul Shan, brother, teacher and now protector from Heaven
Card. Joseph Zen Ze-kiun
The bishop emeritus of Hong Kong remembers the enormous contribution of the late Card. Shan in the canonization of the Chinese martyrs (1 October 2000), the publication of the Letter of Pope Benedict XVI, in his testimony during his illness, until his last sacrifice, his agreeing not to go to China to find his sister and old classmate Bishop Jin Luxian of Shanghai so as not to be exploited by the Patriotic Association.
Hong Kong (AsiaNews) - The following article contains some of Card.
Ze-kiun's thoughts and memories of Card. Paul Shan Kuo-Hsi,
who died on August 22 last. The
Taiwanese Cardinal's funeral will be held on 1 September in Taipei. Card. Zen and Card. John Tong will
attend the ceremony from Hong Kong. So
far it is not known whether the Vatican will send a representative, although it
is likely, given Card. Shan's great role in the task
of evangelization and reconciliation with China.
I got to know Card. Paul
Shan at those "secret" meetings that were held in the Vatican on the
problems of the Church in mainland China, when Card. Jozef
Tomko was Prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. Those
meetings were "joint and extended" and were attended by officials of the
Secretariat of State and the Congregation of Propaganda Fide, mostly Vatican experts
in dogma and canon law, some Chinese bishops (not from the mainland) and some
so-called "China watchers".
was invited to the first meeting as a "China watcher" - I taught in
seminaries in China from 89 to '96 - and then as coadjutor bishop of Hong Kong.
was participating as bishop of Kaohsiung and president of the Episcopal
Conference of Taiwan.
views on the problems of the Church in China matched perfectly. The difference was in
our ways of expressing ourselves. I'm
a little '"Italianate", I raise my voice too easily, I move my arms
and gesticulate, Paul Shan was a perfect Chinese "wise man" with a
quiet and persuasive voice. I envied him, but I found him
impossible to imitate.
last of those meetings was held three days after the canonization of martyrs in
China, that is, October 4, 2000, which was also attended by Card. Ratzinger,
then Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.
Regarding the canonization of the
Chinese martyrs, we the faithful in China are very grateful to Blessed John
Paul II, but it was Card. Shan
who "provoked" the Pope to overcome diplomatic concerns. I
use the word "provoke" because Cardinal dared to tell the Holy Father
that our martyrs were suffering a second martyrdom in Rome. Unfortunately,
the Chinese government vindicated the concerns of the Vatican diplomats, launching
a fierce campaign against the canonization: thus we could say that our martyrs suffered
a third martyrdom!
1 July 1997, Hong Kong was returned under the sovereignty of the Chinese
nation, unfortunately governed by the Communist and atheist Party. To ensure a peaceful
succession to Card. John
Baptist Wu, the Holy Father, towards the end of 1996, gave the diocese of Hong
Kong a coadjutor bishop [the same Joseph Zen - ed] and an auxiliary [John
Tong-ed] for the Cardinal. The
decision was certainly a sign of the Pope's great kindness, but the genius of
the "one plus one" formula came from Card. Tomko's
proposal, and, doubtlessly, a word in
his hear from Card. Shan.
For our ordination, we two
bishops could not - for obvious reasons - invite bishops from mainland China
and neither was it advisable at the time to invite many bishops from Taiwan. With great understanding, Card. Shan,
as President of the Episcopal Conference, came to represent them all. He
was therefore one of the "parents" of our episcopate.
the beginning of his pontificate, Benedict XVI has shown a special solicitude
for his children of the Church in China. He
wrote a Letter that will stand out as a milestone, and has established a
Pontifical Commission of impressive consistency.
in 2007 was published the letter, I found myself in front of the beautiful text
[in Italian], but also a seriously flawed Chinese translation and an
"Explanatory Note" which contained misleading expressions, with an
abyss in the expressions contained within the papal letter.
Not knowing what to do, I immediately
travelled to Taiwan to seek the advise of Card. Shan. It
proved to be sound advice: immediately publish the comment that I had already
prepared, in which I pointed out the beauty of the Letter, a masterpiece of
balance between clearly explained doctrinal principles and understanding benevolence
towards the people, and then, after a few days, publish
my criticism of the translation errors and tendentious explanatory note.
As is obvious, Card. Shan
was appointed one of the members of the new Commission, but after the first few
meetings, he resigned: due to age could no longer bear more fatigue of long
journeys. His absence
grieved me deeply. In
his goodness he said, "You are there, so I do not need to worry".
did my best to take these words to heart and I would often travel to Taiwan to
speak with him and seek his wise counsel.
My last visit with Card. Shan was
a month ago, in late July, after his last operation. He
was already in a wheelchair, but his mind was clear and voice robust, I certainly
did not foresee that the end was so near. He gave me two books
and insisted on signing them. It
was a rather difficult task: this hand no longer had the strength and the
characters of his name in Chinese are particularly complicated.
Everyone knows Card.
brave battle with cancer in these six years, but it would be better to say that
he transformed it into a special grace of the Lord, as a shining testimony of how
someone who believes is able to live and knows how to die.
is one fact, perhaps lesser known, but very significant for me as an example of
the greatness of this man of God, and I will share it with you here, as I conclude
my thoughts on the late Cardinal.
Months ago, Mr. Wang
Zuoan, Director of Religious Affairs of the State Council of China and Mr. Liu,
Secretary General of the Patriotic Association of Chinese Catholics paid him a
had expressed his desire to go and see his sister in her native village and
visit his old school friend, Msgr. Aloysius Jin Luxian, Bishop
said, "Okay, I'll grant you permission, even if you have bad 'record'."
The Cardinal asked: "What bad record?".
have met the Dalai Lama," he replied. And
the Cardinal rebuked: "What harm is there in the fact that a religious
person encounters another religious person?".
- Wang concluded - on humanitarian grounds, we'll let you visit." And
the Cardinal, with great dignity, pointed out: "I do not need any
humanitarian reason: there is a foundation in China, which has expressed a
desire to give me an award."
I will facilitate the invitation," Wang capitulated.
before the departure date, however, it was to have been in June, the officials
told him that he a visit to Beijing should be included in his itinerary. The
Cardinal protested, saying that this was not his intention. He
knew that any visit to Beijing would certainly be manipulated for political
purposes and refused the condition imposed. And
so permission for his last visit to China to his family and friends was refused.
do not know what to admire most, the wisdom of his judgment or his readiness to
now from Heaven our cardinal is as close as ever to his sister and from there,
he can help his friend Aloysius, and the diocese of Shanghai, currently in the
eye of a storm, more than he was able to do on earth.
loved me as a brother, now from Heaven he will be my protector, but to my eyes
he will always remain a master of wisdom and fidelity to the Church.
21/11/2009 TAIWAN - VATICAN
Card. Tomko, the Pope's envoy to the celebrations of 150 years of evangelization in Taiwan
The year long celebrations concluded today. Cardinals and bishops from the Philippines, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Macao present. For the pope, the memory of the past serves to encourage evangelization in the present.
08/03/2005 TAIWAN - CHINA - VATICAN
The anti-secession bill does not serve peace, says Cardinal Shan
The bill that authorises use of force shows that the military is getting stronger in Beijing, says the prelate. Christians on both sides of the strait must work closely for reconciliation.
14/12/2010 VATICAN - CHINA
China, the Nobel, the bishops and the Vatican: Who won, who lost
Resistance to the Liu Xiaobo Nobel, the Patriotic Assembly of Catholic Representatives, celebrated as a victory, are a humiliation for China, a major economic power that shamefully ignores human rights. But the participation of bishops and priests in an act against the pope is also a defeat for the Vatican and the Church. A passionate analysis by the emeritus bishop of Hong Kong.
20/07/2011 CHINA - VATICAN
Chinese youth at WYD in Madrid: a dream come true
With the help of friends and readers, AsiaNews has collected the necessary sum to help 15 young Chinese Catholics to attend World Youth Day in Madrid. In their gratitude, the desire to be "the next generation of the Catholic Church in China", in "communion with the Holy Father and with the universal Church."
15/04/2011 VATICAN - CHINA
The Holy See and the Church in China: firm and merciful
The message from the Commission on the Church in China, released today reiterates the elements necessary for ecclesial communion, after the illicit ordination of Chengde and the Assembly of Catholic representatives in Beijing. No excommunication, but the Pope stresses that faith and unity of the Church are fundamental. Process of cause for the beatification of Paul Xu Guangqi begins. On 24 May the World Day of Prayer for the Church in China.
CHINA - VATICAN
The persecution of Catholics during the Cultural Revolution
The documentation of that violent period was burned or buried in archives. Only a few survivors speak. The persecutors are silent in fear. The burning of religious objects and furnishings in Hebei. Bishops humiliated and arrested in Henan; nuns beaten with sticks and killed, or buried alive. A persecution that "is not over yet"; Today it is perhaps only more subtle.
Silence shrouds 50th anniversary of Cultural Revolution in China and in the West
The bloody campaign launched by Mao Zedong killed nearly 2 million people and sent a further 4 million to concentration camps. Every Chinese has been marked by fear. But today, no memorial service has been planned and no newspaper article has appeared. The Party’s internal struggles and Xi Jinping’s fear of ending up like the USSR. Even today, as then, there are those in Europe who keep quiet and laud the myth of China. Many are predicting a return to the "great chaos".
23/05/2016 VATICAN - ISLAM
23/05/2016 VATICAN - ISLAM
AsiaNews IS ALSO A MONTHLY!
AsiaNews monthly magazine (in Italian) is free.