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  • » 11/09/2015, 00.00

    INDIA

    Elections in Bihar: a heavy defeat for the prime minister Modi



    The "Great secular alliance" wins 178 seats out of 243 total. The National Democratic Alliance led by Modi stopped at 58. The electoral debate marked by attacks from Hindu radicals against the secular writers and religious minorities. The Prime Minister has intervened in 26 debates. The state is the third largest in terms of population and size. A "new dawn" for Indian democracy.

    Patna (AsiaNews / Agencies) - Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi yesterday admitted defeat in the elections for the Assembly of the State of Bihar. The coalition called "Great secular alliance" - composed of two regional parties and the Congress - beat the National Democratic Alliance of Hindu nationalist parties of the center-right led by Modi’s BJP (Bharatiya Janata Party). Of a total of 243 seats, the opposition won 178; Hindu nationalists stopped to share 58. The election, which took place in five separate stages and was marked by an aggressive campaign, was considered a real referendum on the economic and social policies of Modi, who has now promised to "revolutionize" his agenda.

    Indian press followed the election campaign closely for months, with Narendra Modi personally  participating in 26 public debates. The state of Bihar in fact is crucial: it is the third by size and population (100 million inhabitants), but is also one of the poorest, where coexistence between classes is the most difficult.

    Modi was looking for a win, after the February defeat in the federal Territory of Delhi to the anti-corruption Aam Aadmi Party (Aap). For this he took part in many local congresses, promising policies for growth and development.

    But the election was marked above all by concern about the growing climate of religious intolerance and social spread by groups of radical Hindus defending the Hindutva ideology across the country. In recent weeks in fact, public debate has been shaken by the violence unleashed by fundamentalists against writers and secular Muslims, the former "guilty" of supporting pluralism and the secular state, and the latter targeted for their food traditions .

    Political analysts believe that the result was also affected by the recent statements of a Hindu militant group affiliated to the BJP - Swyamsevak Rashtriya Sangh - who has asked for a review of government policy on religious minorities, to stem the rise of Christians and Muslims who they claim are causing a "demographic imbalance" at the expense of Hindus.

    The results in Bihar open new and unexpected scenario. First sanction the birth of a new centrist coalition alternative to Modi’s party , represented by party Janata Dal (United) of the current Chief Minister Nitish Kumar - a former member of the BJP, then why distaccatosi called the premier driven by trends "sectarian" - Party and Rashtriya Janata Dal's Lalu Prasad Yadav.

    The two political leaders (see photo), from a socialist background, have long been rivals, but have created a political partnership with the Congress Party of Sonia and Rahul Gandhi. After the vote count, Kumar said: "Unity won. This election was followed throughout the country. Today’s victory has national implications. Throughout India people want a strong and an alternative opposition ".

    Analysts also argue that the vote is a "litmus test" for the government's policies. Local newspapers speak of "milestone" vote,  "revolutionary" and a "resounding defeat", which demands "structural change of national policies". They also speak of a "regenerative time for Indian democracy", of a "scorching lesson for the BJP’s sectarian politics ", a "new dawn" for the state of Bihar considered by some "the graveyard of all revolutions", but now "a source hope "for the whole country.

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    See also

    17/07/2013 INDIA
    Bihar, 20 children die poisoned by "free school lunches"
    The tragedy occurred in an state run elementary school in Marakh. 27 other children admitted to hospitals. The little ones ate food contaminated with insecticides. The institute was part of the "Mid-Day Meal" national food program that provides free food in public schools.

    07/03/2012 INDIA
    Uttar Pradesh: Dalit-based party loses 'untouchable' vote in state elections
    For human rights activist Lenin Raghuvanshi, the defeat was expected. Socialist populist Samajwadi Party wins an absolute majority of seats. Rahul Gandhi's Congress party loses. Outgoing chief minister never fought to eliminate caste system.

    18/04/2011 INDIA
    Left Front’s hold on West Bengal at risk in state elections
    The ruling leftwing administration is criticised for land expropriations and unemployment. State elections will be held in six phases with results announced on 13 May. Scheduled Caste and tribal voters will be crucial for the outcome. Both groups have reserved seats.

    13/05/2011 INDIA
    West Bengal: Communist Party loses after 34 years
    Lack of development is behind the result that gives the Trinamool Congress of Mamata Banerjee, minister of Railways, an historic victory. In Kerala, the left also loses votes, as the United Democratic Front closes in on a majority.

    20/05/2016 13:58:00 INDIA
    Congress in massive defeat as Hindu nationalists grab historic victory in Assam

    The results of the administrative elections in five states are released. The most important fact is that Sonia Gandhi's party has been undermined by corruption and by the disastrous political leadership of her son Rahul. Prime Minister Narendra Modi ‘s party has won in one of the poorest and tribal states. At a regional level, policies in favor of minorities were rewarded. The comments of three Christian leaders.

     





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