26 September 2016
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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 09/16/2010, 00.00

    CHINA

    First conviction for human organ trafficking in Beijing



    Under Chinese law, organ trafficking is not a crime per se; thus, traffickers were convicted for “illegal business operation”. So far, the authorities have tolerated the practice or even used death row prisoners’ organs for transplant.

    Beijing (AsiaNews/Agencies) – The Haidian District People's Court in Beijing convicted seven people on human trafficking charges, imposing sentences ranging from two years to seven years eight months. Human organ trafficking is a major problem in China, a practice that includes a price list according to organs. People from around the world come to the mainland for transplants.

    This is the first sentence of its kind in Beijing. The charge was “illegal business operation” because Chinese law does not consider organ trafficking as a crime. Moreover, the authorities have until recently been quite tolerant in the matter.

    According to court records, the seven people were convicted of trafficking one to five organs each, being paid 100,000 to 580,000 yuan (US$ 15,000 to US$ 86,000) by patients' families.

    On average, about 1.5 million transplants are needed in the country to meet demand, but only 10,000 organs are actually donated. Hence, organ trafficking is booming.

    The father of a patient who received a kidney transplant wrote a mitigation letter to the court, saying that organ traffickers actually saved his child's life at a time when tens of thousands of patients were waiting for a transplant.

    However, such “trade” exploits the poverty of organ “sellers” and enriches traffickers. According to figures from three years ago, a kidney transplant cost US$ 62,000, a heart transplant, US$ 140,000.

    The problem is so widespread that organs are offered on the internet, price included. Every year, thousands come from abroad for a transplant in China.

    Human rights groups have accused Chinese authorities of allowing trafficking of organs taken from prisoners, for instance, members of Falun Gong. Some go so far as to charge Beijing of keeping thousands of death row prisoners alive until their organs are needed.

    Officially, 86,800 kidney transplants were performed in China last year, including 14,643 liver transplants, 882 heart and lung transplants, plus 220 transplants of other organs.

    Prison officials have only partially denied charges that prisoners’ organs are harvested, saying that when organs are donated they are on the expressed instruction of detainees. To prove their point, they have produced letters signed by prisoners to that have effect. However, it is difficult to verify the authenticity of such claims.

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    See also

    05/01/2010 CHINA
    The trial of Liu Xiaobo or the death of justice
    The leader of the "Mothers of Tiananmen", who was among the first to sign Charter 08, attacks the Chinese government. For her, the "regime's moral foundation" is beginning to collapse and "once it topples, there will be no way to bring it back". As long as Liu is in prison, "our minds cannot be at peace."

    02/11/2012 CHINA
    Ahead of party congress, dissident gets eight years for "subversion"
    A court in Kunming convicts Cao Haibo a year after his arrest. The 27-year-old man was found guilty of setting up an online forum on liberal democracy and criticizing the one-party Communist dictatorship. In one, week the party congress will crown a fifth generation of leaders.

    24/06/2010 CHINA
    World day against drugs, China carries out eight death sentences
    The sentences executed yesterday and the day before yesterday in Fujian and Chongqing. The phenomenon of drug dealing and use is increasing. 51,000 criminal cases in 2009, up 16.5% on the previous year. Severe sentences for 17,400 defendants.

    16/11/2006 CHINA
    China officially admits executed prisoners are the basis of organ trafficking
    Health authorities acknowledge the problem for the first time. They also recognise the existence of an organ black market but deny public officials are involved, blaming instead surgeons, who in turn, refute such allegations.

    09/02/2010 CHINA
    Sichuan: five years in jail for investigating quake collapsed buildings
    Tan Zuoren received the maximum sentence in a trial that lasted less than ten minutes. Officially accused of "subversion" for writing inherent to Tiananmen Square. Human rights groups contend that the real reasons are documents collected on "poor" quality materials used to build schools.



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