24 November 2017
AsiaNews.it Twitter AsiaNews.it Facebook
Geographic areas




  • > Africa
  • > Central Asia
  • > Europe
  • > Middle East
  • > Nord America
  • > North Asia
  • > South Asia
  • > South East Asia
  • > South West Asia
  • > Sud America
  • > East Asia


  • » 11/05/2013, 00.00

    ASIA

    From India to the Philippines, coconut yields drop



    Coconut production remains crucial for the Asia-Pacific region, but yields are dropping with aging as a top factor. Vietnam is the exception with 100 nuts per tree per year against a regional average of 40. Worldwide, 12.3 million hectares are devoted to coconut production with a total yield of 64.3 billion of nuts.

    Manila (AsiaNews/Agencies) - Asia's coconut groves, a key component in South and Southeast Asian economies from the Philippines to India, face a crisis as rapidly aging trees become less productive, curbing harvests. In fact, yields decline as trees grow older. This can negatively impact food supplies and incomes for millions.

    For experts with the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), Asia's coconut palms face a crisis as rapidly aging groves become less productive. With many of the trees planted up to 60 years ago after World War II, they no longer yield enough to meet rising global demand. Therefore, there is an urgent need for replanting and rejuvenation to maintain high output.

    The Asia-Pacific regime accounts for about 85 percent of the global supply of the commodity that goes into food, fuel, soaps and cosmetics. In the Philippines, one in five people depends on the crop to some extent, this according to the Asian and Pacific Coconut Community.

    The issue is vital. According to FAO, harvests in the Asia-Pacific yield about 40 nuts per tree a year compared with a potential yield of 75 to 150. Replanting is advisable after 60 years.

    India, Asia's third-largest economy, is the top producer, harvesting 17 billion nuts last year, followed by Indonesia, which gathered 15.4 billion, and the Philippines, with 15.2 billion. The global coconut area covers about 12.3 million hectares, yielding 64.3 billion nuts.

    It is worth noting that in aforementioned countries, notwithstanding rapid industrialisation, agriculture accounted for 17 per cent of GDP last year in India, 15 per cent in Indonesia (2011 figures), and 13 per cent in the Philippines.

    In the Philippines, an estimated 340 million trees cover 26 per cent of farmland, yielding 43 nuts per tree a year, accounting for as much as 5 per cent of the Filipino GDP

    Kerala is the top producer in India, followed by Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Whilst a trial programme to replace aged palms has boosted productivity in Kerala, yields are still dropping in the three other states, sometimes by as much as third.

    By contrast, output is stable in Vietnam at about 100 nuts per tree a year in most areas, up from about 60 a few years ago.

    Scientists explain that replanting would increase output by 50 to 100 per cent within a few years with a mature palm producing as many as 400 nuts a year. However, governments are more interested in rice and palm oil than in coconut, FAO experts noted.

    e-mail this to a friend Printable version










    See also

    29/04/2009 PHILIPPINES – ASIA
    Climate change “more dangerous” than economic crisis, Asian bank says
    The Asian Development Bank calls on South-East Asian countries to adopt “green” policies. Experts predict a GDP loss ranging from 2.2 to almost 7 per cent if appropriate measures are not taken. The Catholic Church urges the faithful to respect the environment.

    15/01/2007 PHILIPPINES – ASEAN
    ASEAN members fear Chinese juggernaut
    The economies of ASEAN’s ten member states are experiencing an invasion of Chinese goods and services. Many are concerns that any new free-trade zone will favour India but especially China. Participants agree to greater anti-terrorism cooperation. Today 2nd East Asia Summit opens.

    15/09/2004 PHILIPPINES - CHINA - VIETNAM
    Convergence between Manila and Beijing over Spratly Islands


    11/03/2014 VIETNAM
    Vietnam, the Philippines and Malaysia find common ground against Beijing's "imperialism"
    Southeast Asian nations are increasingly concerned over repeated attacks by Chinese (paramilitary) boats against their fishing and commercial vessels. Hanoi stands with Manila as the latter sues China over maritime boundaries in an international court. Malaysia also join the fray, worried over Chinese incursion near James Island.

    06/03/2008 ASIA
    Prices for rice, Asia’s essential food, skyrocketing
    Price rises will continue throughout 2008. Vietnam and other countries are cutting exports. China can no longer meet its domestic demand. UN food aid to region’s poorest countries is at risk.



    Editor's choices

    HONG KONG - CHINA - VATICAN
    Mass for a deceased underground priest. Card. Zen asks for God ‘s grace to save the Church in China and the Holy See from the 'precipice'

    Li Yuan

    Fr. Wei Heping, 41, died in mysterious circumstances, his body dumped in a river in Taiyuan (Shanxi). For the police claim he committed suicide. Family members are not allowed to even see the autopsy report. For Card. Zen the Holy See (which "is not necessarily the Pope") seeks a compromise at all costs with the Chinese government, risking "to sell out the faithful Church". Justice and Peace publish a booklet about Fr. Wei, not to forget.


    VATICAN - ITALY
    Pope: No more war, its only fruit is death, 'our self-destruction'



    Marking the Feast of All Souls, Francis celebrated Mass at the American Cemetery in Nettuno. "When so many times in history men think of a war, they are convinced of bringing a new world, they are convinced of making a 'spring'. It ends in a winter, ugly, cruel, with the reign of terror and death."


    AsiaNews IS ALSO A MONTHLY!

    AsiaNews monthly magazine (in Italian) is free.
     

    SUBSCRIBE NOW

    News feed

    Canale RSScanale RSS 

    Add to Google









     

    IRAN 2016 Banner

    2003 © All rights reserved - AsiaNews C.F. e P.Iva: 00889190153 - GLACOM®