Madrid ( AsiaNews
/ Agencies) - A Spanish court has issued an international arrest warrant for
the former Chinese President Jiang Zemin and four other leaders on charges of
having committed genocide against the Tibetan population .
The Spanish National Court issued the warrant based on the doctrine of universal jurisdiction which it practices, according to which some cases related to human rights, are also liable for prosecution outside national borders.
The case was brought to court a month ago by a group of activists for human rights in Tibet. They include Thubten Wangchen, an exiled Tibetan who has since taken on Spanish nationality . They have accused the former president of "genocide , crimes against humanity , torture and terrorism " against the Tibetans in the '80s and '90s.
In addition to Jiang Zemin , the arrest warrants affect Li Peng (the " Tiananmen butcher " ) , Prime Minister during periods of repression in the late '80s and early '90s , Qiao Shi , head of security during the period of martial law in Tibet in the late '80s ; Chen Kuiyuan , party secretary in Tibet from 1992 to 2001 ; Peng Pelyun (also known as Deng Pelyun ) , minister for family planning in the 90s.
The court also decided to open an investigation into genocide charges against former President Hu Jintao, who in the late '80s was party secretary in Tibet, responsible for the application of martial law in '89 and the death of some 500 people.
According to some activists, it will be difficult to execute the arrest warrant , but it remains a warning to those who offend human rights.
The International Campaign for Tibet , an association based in Washington , said that " none of the leaders appointed ... will run the risk of traveling abroad , because they could be arrested and interrogated .... For all of them there is the possibility that their overseas bank accounts will be frozen".