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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 06/10/2014, 00.00

    LAOS

    Human Rights Watch: No Progress on Rights in Laos




    In a report submitted to United Nations activists denounce systemic human rights problems. The forced disappearance of civil society leader Sombath Somphone is particularly worrisome. Lao authorities are defying international concerns. People fear their government because they know officials act with near total impunity. 


    Vientiane (AsiaNews) - The government of Laos has failed to address the country's systemic human rights problems, Human Rights Watch (Hrw) said today in a critique of Lao's human rights record submitted to the United Nations. Hrw highlighted several human rights issues that deserve international attention, including severe restrictions on fundamental liberties, absence of labor rights, and detention of suspected drug users without charge in abusive drug centers.

    Laos will appear for the country's second Universal Periodic Review in October 2014 at the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva. Of particular concern is the forced disappearance of civil society leader Sombath Somphone (pictured), in Vientiane in December 2012 after he was stopped by the police. "The Lao authorities are defying international concerns - said Phil Robertson, deputy Asia director Hrw - by ignoring calls to respond to the activist enforced disappearance."

    The Lao government has not made tangible changes toward meeting commitments made during its first UPR session in 2010. Laos should ratify core international human rights conventions; end restrictions on the rights to freedom of expression, association, assembly, and the media; and bring its labor laws and regulations into line with core labor standards of the International Labor Organization. People involved with unauthorized public protests have been sentenced to long prison terms. "Lao people fear their government because they know officials can act with near total impunity" Robertson said.

    However, persecution and human rights violations also occur because of faith, especially against Christians. Three Laotian students, aged between 14 and 15 years, were unable to take their final exams at the end of the school year because of their Christian faith. The incident occurred in Savannakhet province, in central Laos, scene of previous incidents of abuse and marginalisation against the Christian religious minority. 

    When the Communists took over in 1975, they expelled foreign missionaries and placed the country's Christian minority under strict controls. Religious practice has been restricted ever since. Most Laotians (67 per cent) are Buddhist out of six million people. Christians make up about 2 per cent - of these Catholics are 0.7 per cent. Protestants are especially targeted for religious persecution. AsiaNews has covered similar cases in the past, including farmers deprived of food for the faith as well as clergymen arrested for their activities. Since April 2011, things got progressively worse after protests by Hmong groups were violently suppressed.

     

     

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    See also

    22/05/2014 LAOS - EUROPEAN UNION
    Eleven Christians arrested for praying are ignored by Laos-EU talks
    In Savannakhet province, 11 Laotian Christians arrested for meeting at an "unauthorised" location remain in custody. CSW calls on EU leaders to raise the issue of religious freedom with the Asian country. Violations of religious freedom overshadow talks.

    21/04/2006 LAOS
    Christian arrested for refusing to recant

    Lapao refused to obey the orders of local Communist leaders; two out of four Christian families in his village have been expelled. His plight was reported by organizations at work in the region.



    07/09/2004 LAOS
    Violence against Christians in Vientiane and Luang Phrabang


    22/12/2011 LAOS
    Eight Lao Christians in prison for Christmas
    The authorities have not yet charged them. They were detained for “organising” a celebration with 200 Church members. Police and local village officials meet to decide their fate as religious freedom continues to be denied in the Communist nation.

    25/02/2011 LAOS
    Food denied to 65 Laotian farmers to force them to renounce Christianity
    Government officials seized the homes and land of 18 families, herded into a temporary camp without food. Neighbours are prevented from giving them food. For the Communist regime, they must abjure their faith in Christ. Pro-human rights activist calls on the government to uphold the constitution.



    Editor's choices

    CHINA - VATICAN
    Vatican silence over Shanghai’s Mgr Ma Daqin causing confusion and controversy

    Bernardo Cervellera

    For some, Mgr Ma’s blog post praising the Patriotic Association and acknowledging his mistakes is nothing but “dirt”. For others, he chose humiliation for the “sake of his diocese”. Many wonder why the Holy See has remained silent about the article’s content and the bishop’s persecution. Some suspect the Vatican views the episode in positive terms. Yet, the Ma Daqin affair raises a major question. Has Benedict XVI’s Letter to Chinese Catholics (which describes the Patriotic Association as “incompatible with Catholic doctrine”) been abolished? If it has, who did it? A journey of compromises without truth is full of risks.


    CHINA – VATICAN
    Mgr Ma Daqin: the text of his “confession”

    Mons. Taddeo Ma Daqin

    Four years after quitting the Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association, the bishop of Shanghai “admits” his faults on his blog, praising the organisation that controls the Church. We publish his article, almost in its entirety. Translation by AsiaNews.


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