23 October, 2014 AsiaNews.it Twitter AsiaNews.it Facebook            

Help AsiaNews | About us | P.I.M.E. | | RssNewsletter | Mobile





mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato
e-mail this to a friend printable version


» 05/22/2006
INDONESIA
Human-to-human bird flu transmission feared in Indonesia
Health Ministry cannot rule out this possibility. The country is unable to control the virus. In China the WHO fears that official figures might not indicate how widespread the virus actually is.

Jakarta (AsiaNews/Agencies) – Indonesia cannot rule human-to-human bird flu transmission, said I. Nyoman Kandun, director of the Health Ministry's Communicable Disease Control Centre after an epidemiological investigation was conducted into a family cluster of six fatal cases in Sumatra, the last one confirmed today. Meanwhile the World Health Organisation (WHO) has voiced deep concerns the viral outbreak might be more widespread in China than hitherto thought.

"We cannot confirm that (human-to-human transmission) has occurred but we cannot rule it out," Kandun said today. "The good news is there is not yet any mutation"

The death toll due to the H5N1 virus has reached 32 in Indonesia, half reported this year. But unlike other countries, the disease has not been stopped in archipelago. For experts the bird flu might be even more widespread that officially reported since the there are no WHO lab in the country. Samples must instead be sent to Hong Kong or elsewhere for testing.

Emil Agustiono, a senior official at the National Commission on Bird Flu, said that the lack of coordination among and between government agencies and international partners such as the WHO and the Food Agricultural Organisation (FAO), partly contributed to the rapid spread of the H5N1 strain of virus across 27 of the country's 33 provinces.

"There was a tendency to work individually, but now we're starting to step up our internal communication," he said.

Poor inter-agency communication has been a chronic problem. The Health and Agriculture Ministries have always announced the results of their investigations separately. For example, in Medan (Karo Regency), where the WHO confirmed a cluster of seven people, teams from the Health and Agriculture Ministries came and announced their own separate findings confusing the public.

"In the next several days, I will coordinate a visit to the Karo regency. This time we'll have a strong team, consisting of representatives of all the agencies, to find out the source of the virus and how it spread," Mr Agustiono said, adding that he suspected organic fertilisers would likely turn out to be the source.

Still, there is much confusion. Last week, a test from the Agriculture Ministry's laboratory in Bogor contradicted Agriculture Minister Anton Apriyantono's statement that pigs in the Karo tested positive.

China. Beijing's ability to contain the spread of the virus in poultry remains low, according to the WHO. "We do not think that there has been enough emphasis on the animal surveillance side to do that in China," said Dr. Henk Bekedam, the WHO's top representative in that country.

"Somehow the [. . .] system in China is unable to detect the circulating H5N1 (virus)."

None of China's 18 confirmed human cases to date have occurred in areas where outbreaks in poultry were previously reported.

"The human cases are the proof that it [the virus]is still circulating, that there is still something, but again, we don't know the extent," Bekedam said.

He suggested China could look to Thailand and Vietnam, nations which have not reported a human case so far this year.

Backyard farms are the most dangerous because of poor surveillance and greater human-to-animal contact.

Moreover, while farmers are compensated for birds that must be culled to stop the spread of the virus, the level paid, especially for more expensive birds like ducks and geese, is seen to be on the low side. Chinese farmers must also wait six months before restocking compared to three months in other countries.

"From a preventive perspective, that's fine," Bekedam said of China's position. But "you're out of business," he said of affected farmers. "And that's the part of compensation I think that needs to be looked into."

"The [. . .] situation is not optimistic," Vice Premier Hui Liangyu told a national meeting on the prevention and control of avian flu.

His warning came as the Agriculture Ministry reported Saturday that more than 300 wild migratory birds have died in the remote province of Qinghai.

The WHO opened its annual assembly today on a sad note. Its director-general, Lee Jong-wook, died in hospital today two days after emergency surgery for a blood clot on his brain. (PB)


e-mail this to a friend printable version

See also
01/10/2008 CHINA
Bird flu case in Jiangsu sees son infect the father
09/28/2004 THAILAND
First probable case of bird flu transmission between humans
10/04/2004 THAILAND
Bird flu: another child victim in Thailand
11/18/2005 ASIA
More outbreaks and human bird flu cases expected in China
06/11/2005 ASIA
WHO: Greater transparency about bird flu

Editor's choices
IRAQ - ITALY
Almost 700,000 euros raised as the 'Adopt a Christian from Mosul' campaign continues
by Bernardo CervelleraA second instalment is sent with funds raised in September. The fate of East-West relations is being played out in the Middle East and Iraq. Pope Francis and the Synod issue an appeal. Governments are lukewarm. Aid is coming from around the world. A new international community is defeating the "globalisation of indifference."
IRAQ-VATICAN
"Adopt a Christian from Mosul": Archbishops’ thanks as first aid arrives
by Amel NonaMsgr. Amel Nona, the Chaldean Archbishop of Mosul, who is also a refugee himself, thanks all the donors to the AsiaNews campaign. The situation is increasingly difficult given the huge number of refugees and the arrival of winter and snow, making outdoor shelters and tents impossible. The crisis, an occasion that activates the faith of Christians.
ITALY - IRAQ
After raising € 350,000, 'Adopt a Christian from Mosul' campaign continues
by Bernardo CervelleraDonations raised up to 31 August have been sent to the patriarch of Baghdad and the bishops of Kurdistan. The campaign helps to feed, house, clothe, and bring comfort to more than 150,000 Christian, Yazidi, Turkmen, Shia and Sunni refugees who fled the violence of the army of the Islamic Caliphate. People in Italy and around the world have been generous, including the poor and the unemployed, a sign of hope for the world as well as those who suffer and those who give.

Dossier

by Giulio Aleni / (a cura di) Gianni Criveller
pp. 176
Copyright © 2003 AsiaNews C.F. 00889190153 All rights reserved. Content on this site is made available for personal, non-commercial use only. You may not reproduce, republish, sell or otherwise distribute the content or any modified or altered versions of it without the express written permission of the editor. Photos on AsiaNews.it are largely taken from the internet and thus considered to be in the public domain. Anyone contrary to their publication need only contact the editorial office which will immediately proceed to remove the photos.