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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 05/13/2010, 00.00

    ISRAEL – UNITED NATIONS

    Israel’s nuclear arsenal to be discussed at next IAEA meeting



    UN agency wants to discuss Israel’s position at its June meeting. Israel has not signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty because it would be forced to open its nuclear sites to outside inspectors. Israeli expert says that such a position is wrong, that Israel should be transparent. US archives declassify a Kissinger memo to Nixon that gives the green light to Israel’s nuclear programme.

    Tel Aviv (AsiaNews) – Israel is again in the sights of the United Nations' nuclear watchdog for its secret nuclear arsenal. Israel has never signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and now the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) wants its position discussed at a meeting in June.

    For months, Western nations have targeted Iran. According to Tehran, its nuclear programme has a peaceful purpose but the West sees it as hiding a push to build a nuclear bomb. Yet Israel is the only country in the Middle East thought to have atomic weapons. Western sources believe the Jewish State has a nuclear arsenal at its Dimona plant (pictured) in the Negev desert, and may have done for 40 years, but its size remains a mystery.

    Nuclear expert Avner Cohen says Israel is in all likelihood the Middle East's sole, if undeclared, nuclear power. “The current estimate, in part based on US intelligence, is that Israel probably has a modest arsenal of 80 to 100 weapons, but it's all speculation,” he said.

    Professor Cohen believes Israel has a unique right to have the nuclear bomb to prevent a second holocaust. However, he is opposed to Israel’s policy of secrecy, especially as it relates to an eventual peace deal for the whole Middle East. “I think that if you want to deal with Iran you need to have this norm of acknowledgement and of transparency,” he said.

    In the meantime, Arab nations have renewed a push for a Middle East free of nuclear weapons. They say they want Israel to sign the NPT, something Iran has done but Israel has not because to do so would force it to open its nuclear plant for inspection.

    In fact, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu did not participate in the recent Washington conference on nuclear proliferation sponsored by US President Barack Obama because of possible questions raised by Egypt and Turkey concerning Israel’s nuclear programme.

    Israel is opposed to signing the NPT because it would have to open its sites to outside experts. For Israeli Defence Minister Ehud Barak, his country's position is correct.

    “There's no reason to change it and on this issue we are operating in coordination, I say with the necessary precautions, with close coordination with the United States," Barack said.

    In recent days, the United States declassified a memorandum from former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger to President Richard Nixon giving the green light to Israel’s nuclear programme.

    Indeed, “while we might ideally like to halt actual Israeli possession,” the memo said, “what we really want at a minimum may be just to keep Israeli possession from becoming an established international fact.

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    See also

    30/06/2010 MIDDLE EAST – UNITED STATES
    For Obama and Abdullah, two states for two peoples, basis of Mideast peace
    The Saudi king and US president says the two-state solution is the only one that will bring peace, by guaranteeing a homeland for Palestinians and greater security for Israel.

    04/11/2004 Middle East - USA
    The Middle East looks at Bush's victory


    02/06/2009 ISRAEL – UNITED STATES
    As Obama travels to the Middle East Israel gets ready for war with Iran
    Israel conducts war games and emergency drills involving its population and schools. Its exercises include possible missile attacks from the north and the south. Israeli air force gets ready to block air strikes and missiles from Syria and Iran. Obama is growing impatient with Iran.

    18/01/2007 UNITED STATES – UNITED NATIONS
    Working together with the United States is necessary, say UN secretary
    Mr Ban Ki-moon goes to Washington for the first time since becoming the UN’s boss. In the US capital he agrees both his organisation and US share the same objectives: peace, democracy and freedom.

    20/07/2009 KOREA – UNITED STATES
    Seoul and Washington preparing a “comprehensive strategy” towards North Korea’s nuclear progra
    With the “step-by-step” approach a failure, US and South Korean leaders are planning a broad package to solve all the outstanding issues. A US diplomat thinks the proposal will interest Pyongyang. North Korean sources say that Kim Jong-il’s health is “quite serious.”



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