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mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato
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» 05/13/2010
ISRAEL – UNITED NATIONS
Israel’s nuclear arsenal to be discussed at next IAEA meeting
UN agency wants to discuss Israel’s position at its June meeting. Israel has not signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty because it would be forced to open its nuclear sites to outside inspectors. Israeli expert says that such a position is wrong, that Israel should be transparent. US archives declassify a Kissinger memo to Nixon that gives the green light to Israel’s nuclear programme.

Tel Aviv (AsiaNews) – Israel is again in the sights of the United Nations' nuclear watchdog for its secret nuclear arsenal. Israel has never signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and now the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) wants its position discussed at a meeting in June.

For months, Western nations have targeted Iran. According to Tehran, its nuclear programme has a peaceful purpose but the West sees it as hiding a push to build a nuclear bomb. Yet Israel is the only country in the Middle East thought to have atomic weapons. Western sources believe the Jewish State has a nuclear arsenal at its Dimona plant (pictured) in the Negev desert, and may have done for 40 years, but its size remains a mystery.

Nuclear expert Avner Cohen says Israel is in all likelihood the Middle East's sole, if undeclared, nuclear power. “The current estimate, in part based on US intelligence, is that Israel probably has a modest arsenal of 80 to 100 weapons, but it's all speculation,” he said.

Professor Cohen believes Israel has a unique right to have the nuclear bomb to prevent a second holocaust. However, he is opposed to Israel’s policy of secrecy, especially as it relates to an eventual peace deal for the whole Middle East. “I think that if you want to deal with Iran you need to have this norm of acknowledgement and of transparency,” he said.

In the meantime, Arab nations have renewed a push for a Middle East free of nuclear weapons. They say they want Israel to sign the NPT, something Iran has done but Israel has not because to do so would force it to open its nuclear plant for inspection.

In fact, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu did not participate in the recent Washington conference on nuclear proliferation sponsored by US President Barack Obama because of possible questions raised by Egypt and Turkey concerning Israel’s nuclear programme.

Israel is opposed to signing the NPT because it would have to open its sites to outside experts. For Israeli Defence Minister Ehud Barak, his country's position is correct.

“There's no reason to change it and on this issue we are operating in coordination, I say with the necessary precautions, with close coordination with the United States," Barack said.

In recent days, the United States declassified a memorandum from former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger to President Richard Nixon giving the green light to Israel’s nuclear programme.

Indeed, “while we might ideally like to halt actual Israeli possession,” the memo said, “what we really want at a minimum may be just to keep Israeli possession from becoming an established international fact.


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See also
06/30/2010 MIDDLE EAST – UNITED STATES
For Obama and Abdullah, two states for two peoples, basis of Mideast peace
11/04/2004 Middle East - USA
The Middle East looks at Bush's victory
06/02/2009 ISRAEL – UNITED STATES
As Obama travels to the Middle East Israel gets ready for war with Iran
by Joshua Lapide
01/18/2007 UNITED STATES – UNITED NATIONS
Working together with the United States is necessary, say UN secretary
by Theresa Kim Hwa-young
07/20/2009 KOREA – UNITED STATES
Seoul and Washington preparing a “comprehensive strategy” towards North Korea’s nuclear progra

Editor's choices
VATICAN
Pope: I am with the persecuted Christians of Mosul and the Middle East "May the God of peace inspire in all a genuine desire for dialogue and reconciliation. Violence is never defeated with violence. Violence is defeated with peace." At the Sunday Angelus Francis comments on the parable of the wheat and the weeds. God is "patient" He knows "the same weeds in the end, may become good wheat". But "at the time of the harvest, that is, of judgment, the reapers will execute the order of the master separating the weeds to be burned".
CHINA - VATICAN
Beijing, seminarians desert graduation ceremony: We will not celebrate Mass with illegitimate bishops The rector of the seminary is the illegitimate bishop Joseph Ma Yinglin: Students refuse to concelebrate with him and reject Msgr. Fang Xingyao, who has participated in several illegal episcopal ordinations. The directors close the year without awarding diplomas and send students home: rumors of some courses being "suspended" in September. The precedent of 2000, when 130 young students chose fidelity to the Pope over compromise with the government.
HONG KONG-CHINA-VATICAN
Card Zen: Religious freedom and civil liberties are united, for China and Hong Kong
by Bernardo CervelleraA wide ranging conversation with the bishop emeritus of Hong Kong: the courage of Msgr. Ma Daqin, who sent a message to Pope Francis; underground Catholics are also prepared to be arrested; suspicions about Beijing’s sincerity towards possible dialogue with the Holy See. And in Hong Kong, the march for a referendum on democracy; support for "Occupy Central"; the fear of the government and arrests. Card. Zen reaffirms that religious freedom and civil liberties go hand in hand.

Dossier
by Giulio Aleni / (a cura di) Gianni Criveller
pp. 176
by Lazzarotto Angelo S.
pp. 528
by Bernardo Cervellera
pp. 240
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