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mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato
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» 05/13/2010
ISRAEL – UNITED NATIONS
Israel’s nuclear arsenal to be discussed at next IAEA meeting
UN agency wants to discuss Israel’s position at its June meeting. Israel has not signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty because it would be forced to open its nuclear sites to outside inspectors. Israeli expert says that such a position is wrong, that Israel should be transparent. US archives declassify a Kissinger memo to Nixon that gives the green light to Israel’s nuclear programme.

Tel Aviv (AsiaNews) – Israel is again in the sights of the United Nations' nuclear watchdog for its secret nuclear arsenal. Israel has never signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and now the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) wants its position discussed at a meeting in June.

For months, Western nations have targeted Iran. According to Tehran, its nuclear programme has a peaceful purpose but the West sees it as hiding a push to build a nuclear bomb. Yet Israel is the only country in the Middle East thought to have atomic weapons. Western sources believe the Jewish State has a nuclear arsenal at its Dimona plant (pictured) in the Negev desert, and may have done for 40 years, but its size remains a mystery.

Nuclear expert Avner Cohen says Israel is in all likelihood the Middle East's sole, if undeclared, nuclear power. “The current estimate, in part based on US intelligence, is that Israel probably has a modest arsenal of 80 to 100 weapons, but it's all speculation,” he said.

Professor Cohen believes Israel has a unique right to have the nuclear bomb to prevent a second holocaust. However, he is opposed to Israel’s policy of secrecy, especially as it relates to an eventual peace deal for the whole Middle East. “I think that if you want to deal with Iran you need to have this norm of acknowledgement and of transparency,” he said.

In the meantime, Arab nations have renewed a push for a Middle East free of nuclear weapons. They say they want Israel to sign the NPT, something Iran has done but Israel has not because to do so would force it to open its nuclear plant for inspection.

In fact, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu did not participate in the recent Washington conference on nuclear proliferation sponsored by US President Barack Obama because of possible questions raised by Egypt and Turkey concerning Israel’s nuclear programme.

Israel is opposed to signing the NPT because it would have to open its sites to outside experts. For Israeli Defence Minister Ehud Barak, his country's position is correct.

“There's no reason to change it and on this issue we are operating in coordination, I say with the necessary precautions, with close coordination with the United States," Barack said.

In recent days, the United States declassified a memorandum from former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger to President Richard Nixon giving the green light to Israel’s nuclear programme.

Indeed, “while we might ideally like to halt actual Israeli possession,” the memo said, “what we really want at a minimum may be just to keep Israeli possession from becoming an established international fact.


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See also
06/30/2010 MIDDLE EAST – UNITED STATES
For Obama and Abdullah, two states for two peoples, basis of Mideast peace
11/04/2004 Middle East - USA
The Middle East looks at Bush's victory
06/02/2009 ISRAEL – UNITED STATES
As Obama travels to the Middle East Israel gets ready for war with Iran
by Joshua Lapide
01/18/2007 UNITED STATES – UNITED NATIONS
Working together with the United States is necessary, say UN secretary
by Theresa Kim Hwa-young
07/20/2009 KOREA – UNITED STATES
Seoul and Washington preparing a “comprehensive strategy” towards North Korea’s nuclear progra

Editor's choices
VATICAN
Pope remembers and prays for "latest tragedy" of migrants, "our brothers and sisters" who "are seeking happiness"At the Regina Caeli, Pope Francis says he is praying for the hundreds of victims in a sinking off the coast of Libya. An appeal to the international community to "act decisively and promptly." "Every baptized person is called to witness in word and deed, that Jesus is risen, He is alive and present in our midst." The Christian message "is not a theory, an ideology or a complex system of precepts and prohibitions, or moralism, but a message of salvation, a concrete event, even a person: the Risen Christ, the living and only Savior of all" . The Pope will be in Turin on June 21 to honor the Shroud, the exposition of which begins today.
SAUDI ARABIA – YEMEN
Saudi war in Yemen masks widening domestic tensions
by Afshin ShahiSaudi Arabia is using the conflict in Yemen to control domestic problems, especially social inequalities and religious sectarianism. However, whilst the royal family flaunts its wealth, some 20 per cent of the population lives in poverty. Many disgruntled young Saudis end up becoming "foreign fighters" for the Islamic state (IS). Some 15 per cent of the Saudi population is Shia, under the heavy thumb of the Sunni-dominated state. Afshin Shahi, director of the Centre for the Study of Political Islam and lecturer in International Relations and Middle East Politics at University of Bradford, provides the following lucid analysis.
VATICAN
Pope: on the persecution of Christians, the international community should "not stand by mute and inactive” and “look away”For the sixth time in a week, Pope Francis mentioned the martyrdom of Christians in today’s Regina Caeli (the Marian prayer at Easter), slamming the indifference of the international community towards this "alarming failure to protect basic human rights.” Today’s martyrs "are many, and we can say that they are more numerous than in the first centuries." In addition, “Faith in the resurrection of Jesus and the hope He has brought to us is the most beautiful gift that a Christian can and must offer his brothers and sisters. To one and all, therefore, do not tire of repeating: Christ is Risen!”

Dossier

by Giulio Aleni / (a cura di) Gianni Criveller
pp. 176
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