22 October 2016
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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato

    » 09/27/2011, 00.00


    M.E revolts and Arab Christians: a justified prudence

    Habib Mohammed Hadi Sadr

    The Iraqi ambassador to the Holy See justifies the prudence of the Christians in the face of Arab revolts that are afflicting the Middle East and cautions against giving too much importance to “unfounded accusations, they are our compatriots, they have everything in common with us, our homeland, purpose and destiny. "
    Rome (AsiaNews) - Habib Mohammed Hadi Sadr, Ambassador of the Republic of Iraq to the Holy See, wrote this article on the position and role of Arab Christians in the Middle East at the present time.

    The Arab Spring regards Arab Christians; there has been growing criticism against them for the position some of them have expressed over the riots in Arab countries, some analysts believe that there will be a revival of Arab Christians thanks to what is taking place in the Arab world, and not what happened in the past. Christ has never been a model for dictators, and there are those who believe that a true, sincere Christian-Muslim dialogue can be born of the revolution, or in the period that will follow the revolution.

    There are people who criticize the attitude of some of the Arab Christians against the current protest, who recall with admiration the noble position that Arab Christians during the Ottoman Empire at the time of the Arab liberation movements , and the very negative attitude of Christians towards the French and British policies in the Middle East, and in particular against the plans and behaviour of the Zionists in the occupied Arab territories.
    The reality calls for a neutral and realistic analysis of the differing positions. So then we must first recognize an important fact: the Arab Christian component is a minority within the society in which they live. There is no denying the importance and weight of their role, through different historical periods, but the number counts, and the weight of the majority is completely different from that of the minority. This minority is alarmed. It fears that the political, social and economic turmoil which erupted unexpectedly, motivated by emotions rather than clear programs, and which does not take account of internal and international conditions, can have serious consequences on the lives of minorities, and open the way for an unknown and terrible future.

    The first Arab revolts received the full support of the Arab world, but today this is no longer the case. For example, the societies in countries where there is a revolt - Syria, Yemen, and Bahrain – are divided on how the prospect of change and demands for democratic reforms. In some places there are calls for a peaceful solution, and protests against foreign interference, but elsewhere there are those who use violence and confrontation, and there are those who rely on armed protests and use foreign forces to overthrow the regime. The situation is made more difficult by the attitude of the international community and the UN Security Council. Each party is acting according to his own interests, analysis and strategies to operate in the present and future of the region. And this situation means that Arab Christians should wait before committing themselves, to avoid any errors in assessing all probabilities.

    It is also only natural that Christians should mistrust these protests, fearing that they will be led by radical Islamic forces who want to seize power, based on the fact that they are more organized and have a greater, more effective ability to shuffle the cards. These are forces that have shed blood and desecrated Christian churches. As a result Arab Christians find themselves having to choose between accepting authoritarian systems, but with a certain amount of secularism, which guarantee freedom of religion, or a totally different type systems. They choose what seems to them the lesser of two evils.

    What makes the problem complex and scene confusing is the lack of a convincing alternative to the systems protesters want to change. In addition, the protest movements do not have a unified command, a clear, specific program or trend. This situation allows opportunists to ride the wave of protest and direct the protest towards extremist goals. Arab Christians wisely use their position to make a decision. They see the danger of the conflicts between demonstrators and power, the killing of innocent people, destruction of property and the blocking of interests. They believe that peaceful solutions, the search for sober and discreet dialogue between people and rulers, opening the way for necessary reforms and restructuring are the best way to avert the possibility of external intervention in the water made increasingly cloudy by the riots.

    The aspiration to satisfy the desire of Arab citizens for a democratic model to achieve the peaceful transfer of power by recourse to the polls is a right of citizens, but can only be reached with the constitutional rights, not with the method and language of bullets.

    Arab Christians are no better than their brothers, but carry a very powerful voice of wisdom in the management of this crisis. They too are victims of what the dictatorial regimes of Arab countries have produced, namely marginalization in decision-making, silence and a condition of second-class citizens, and for this reason a large number of them decided to emigrate from their country, in search of freedom and dignity.

    These reasons have led to a closure, demographic decline and their current role. This region is their birthplace, the historic cradle of the monotheistic religions.

    The Holy See, worried, decided to convene a synod of bishops dedicated to the Middle East in October last year, to study this serious problem and take the necessary measures to stop this trend. The basic belief is that the wealth of this region lies in the plurality and diversity that exists within the various nations: religion, language, history and coexistence between different faiths. Christian ethics and culture are centred on a system of values that are opposed to injustice, far removed from corruption, and open to the concept of freedom. The message of Jesus Christ to people is rejection of authoritarianism, and the promotion of virtue and the renunciation of all forms of hatred, violence and coercion.

    Therefore, after all that we have seen, we must accept the attitude of Christians, encouraging them to interpret what is right and logical, depending on each context, and not to give importance to unfounded accusations, they are our compatriots, we have everything in common, Homeland, purpose and destiny.
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    See also

    08/07/2011 VATICAN - M. EAST
    Middle East Synod close to Arab spring
    International public opinion is concerned that the young people’s revolt is sliding towards fundamentalism. Many religious authorities fear for the fate of Christians. The Synod of the Middle East, held a few months before the "jasmine revolution", raised many issues that have become buzzwords of Arab youth movements. Maybe for now Islam will win, but the Arab world is changing and the Church is committed to this change.

    27/08/2016 14:22:00 MIDDLE EAST
    Middle East wars and unrest lead to lower life expectancy

    Syria is particularly affected. War shaved off six years from men’s life expectancy (from 75 in 2010 to 69 in 2013), five from women’s (from 80 to 75). Millions of people have to face the consequences of water shortages and poor hygienic conditions. Non-communicable illnesses like diabetes or cardiovascular disease are up as well.

    25/10/2011 MIDDLE EAST
    The women of the Arab Spring on the need to establish democracy
    Bernard Sabella, a Catholic professor of sociology at Bethlehem University, analyzes the role of women in Middle Eastern countries: background figure, political activist or terrorist. Member States must ensure economic, social, cultural and educational security, not only military. On the Palestinian situation, the teacher says: "Men need women to create an independent state."

    13/11/2010 MIDDLE EAST
    Christians in the Middle East essential for the survival of the Arab world
    For the Saudi journalist Mshari Al - Zaydi, fundamentalism and the economic crisis have overshadowed the importance of Christians to Muslims in the construction of their countries. Arab society is self-destructing and attacks against minorities are an excuse to vent the blame on someone for the failures of the Islamic world. "Pluralism is the best protection against ignorance and intolerance."

    30/09/2011 MIDDLE EAST-ISLAM
    Anatomy of fear. A Sunni democracy in defence of Christians
    The Lebanese commentator Elie Fayad questions the political prospects of Arab spring and Christians fears of radical Islamic tendencies: "Is it not time the East give a chance to Sunni democracy?".

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