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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 11/26/2012, 00.00

    EGYPT

    Morsi pitting Egyptians against one another, says young Copt



    Liberal and secular-oriented parties have been clashing with Islamists in the past few days, leaving two people dead and 60 injured. For the first time in the country's history, political groups are facing off in the street. Nagui Damain, a young leader in the Jasmine Revolution, fears a civil war.

    Cairo (AsiaNews) - President Mohamed Morsi is pitting Egyptians against each other to stay in power. Recent clashes between anti-Morsi protesters and Islamists that left two people dead and 60 injured are evidence of that. Protests have been held in front of the Justice and Freedom party right after the president announced constitutional changes that would give him almost absolute powers. Until the new constitution is not announced, he could take any step deemed necessary to defend the revolution, national unity or national security. This is designed to protect the concentrate of power in the hands of the Muslim Brotherhood, which already controls parliament and the constituent assembly.

    For the first time, Egyptians have seen clashes between Islamists and Egyptians that are in favour of democracy and a secular state. "In Alexandria, a great demonstration by liberal parties was attacked by the president's supporters. They thought their offices might be attacked so they reacted causing a street battle with some people wounded."

    This is the first time that two components of Egyptian society are facing off for political reasons. "Divisions at the elite level have turned into street fights," he explained. "Actual fights were also reported in Cairo, Suez, Port Said and Tajera. This could eventually lead to a civil war."

    Today, the judges are scheduled to meet the president to urge him to drop his constitutional amendments if he wants to avoid an even greater breakdown of the country. Yesterday, the Cairo Stock Exchange lost 9.9 per cent, one of its worst declines ever.

    Should the president refuse, various judges associations have said that they would go on all-out strike. In some courts in the capital and Alexandria this has already happened.

    For Nagui Damian, even many voters who chose Morsi have become disillusioned. "They have all come to realise the Muslim Brotherhood is full of liars. Instead of finding a solution to the economic crisis, in a few months they have used their power to take over every space in the territory, seize every crumb of power, from trade unions to government bureaus."

    One running joke in the streets says, "Fortunately, the Copts have already elected their patriarch; otherwise, Morsi would have taken that one too."

    Christians and Muslims who protested against Mubarak are also united against the Islamists. Various components of Egyptian society have come together in the past two days. Like in 2011, Egyptians have organised demonstrations irrespective of religious differences.

    "People do not want Morsi to have all the power," Damian explained. "He is doing what his predecessors did-Nasser, Sadat and Mubarak-who used popular support to become "pharaohs" with full powers. However, they latter at least used a language that was close to the people. Morsi uses only Islam, constantly appealing to God, Muhammad and the Qu'ran, as if his role was protected from up high, that he was predestined. This is driving more and more people away from Islamist parties, including very devout Muslims."

    The growing opposition to the Muslim Brotherhood, who won Egypt's first democratic elections in 2011 and 2012 and a gained a stranglehold over the constituent assembly, is becoming a greater reality even in non-political quarters.

    Various opposition groups have emerged inside the powerful medical association, but also among teachers and lawyers.

    Last night, journalists from the country's main newspapers met to discuss ways to cover the ongoing crisis objectively.

    They pointed out that the Muslim Brotherhood's website does not mention demonstrations against the president, that it is silent about the stock exchange's plunge, and that it belittles international criticism of the president's actions, which are seriously threatening the country's transition to democracy. (S.C.)

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    See also

    26/01/2013 EGYPT
    Egypt, clashes between police and demonstrators: 12 dead and nearly 500 injured
    It is the second anniversary of the Jasmine Revolution. The most serious clashes in Suez, where the army blocked the entrance to the channel. President Mohamed Morsi threatens to use an iron fist against the perpetrators of violence. Port Said in flames after the verdict on the massacre of supporters of the February 2, 2012. Police barracks attacked.

    08/04/2013 EGYPT - ISLAM
    Tensions between Christian and Islamic groups. Six dead in three days
    Four Copts and a Muslim shot dead in Khosous. The imams incite violence against Christians. Christian kindergarten and homes burned. At a funeral in the Cathedral of St. Mark, a group attack the funeral procession with Molotov cocktails and stones. Morsi and al-Azhar condemn the violence. The police almost totally absent. The Christians accuse the government of failing to provide any security for the minority.

    25/01/2013 EGYPT
    Young Egyptian leader calls on West to back anti-Islamist struggle
    On the second anniversary of the Jasmine Revolution, millions of young people demonstrate across the country against the government led by the Muslim Brotherhood and Salafists. Since the fall of the Mubarak regime, nothing has changed. For Nagui Damian, a young Coptic leader, people are ready for anything to make their voice heard. There are fears that people might clash, even violently, with police.

    08/07/2013 EGYPT
    Cairo, fighting continues in the post-Morsi era: 15 dead
    Attack on the sit-in in defense of the deposed president. Clashes have killed at least 40 between supporters and opponents of the former government. The dynamics of the retaliation are still uncertain.

    05/12/2011 EGYPT
    Coptic Catholic leader warns against worrying too much about Islamists' election victory
    For Kamal Zachar, a Coptic Catholic political leader, Egyptians are a people of moderates opposed to undue power in the hands of the Muslim Brotherhood and Salafists, who won the recent electoral round with 65 per cent of the vote. In order to understand the country’s political future, we must wait for presidential elections. A spokesman of the Catholic Church warns Christians against fear, urges them to get involved in politics.



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