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  • » 03/07/2018, 14.44


    Pope: Paul VI and Archbishop Romero soon saints

    Giovanni Battista Montini was the Pope of the Council and the great reformer of the Church of our time, Abp. Romero is the "martyr of Salvador", killed "in hatred of the faith" for his defense of the poor and the denunciation of repression.

    Vatican City (AsiaNews) - Paul VI and Oscar Arnolfo Romero Galdámez will be saints. Pope Francis has approved the promulgation of the related decrees by the Congregation for the Causes of Saints.

    Paul VI, Giovanni Battista Montini was born in Concesio, in the province of Brescia, on 26 September 1897. A man of great culture - he had three degrees in philosophy, canon law and civil law - and of great sensitivity, he was elected Pope on 21 June 1963. He was a great reformer, the Pope who led to the completion of Vatican Council II, of which he personally led the work, with the approval of its principal documents.

    Even if only in general terms, he is remembered for his significant gestures, such as the destination of the papal tiara to the poor, the meeting in 1964 with the Orthodox patriarch Athenagora and the subsequent Catholic-Orthodox declaration of 1965, after over nine centuries of mutual excommunications. The meeting took place in Jerusalem, where Paul VI arrived by plane and was the first Pope to go there and take a plane. Furthermore, at the end of the Council he announced the creation of the Synod of Bishops, of which he established the competences; in 1966 he abolished the "Index of forbidden books" and the year after he decided to establish the World Day for Peace. He was the first Pope to celebrate a mass in an industrial plant on Christmas Eve (at Italsider in 1968).

    In 1966 he confirmed priestly celibacy in an encyclical and the year after he published Humanae Vitae. That year he abolished all the functions attributed to the nobility in the papal court, with the exception of papal ushers. He also abolished the noble Guard and the Palatine Guard. Instead, he established the Commission for Social Communications, the Council for the Laity, for Justice and Peace Commission, the International Theological Commission and Cor Unum. In 1968 he reformed the Roman Curia, in which he introduced no small amount of non-Italian personalities. In 1969 he approved the reform of the mass, since then called "the vernacular", that is in modern languages, to facilitate the understanding of the faithful.

    In 1970, in Manila, he was the first Pope to be victim of an attack, when he was wounded win a knife attack.


    Finally, it was he who wanted the metal "pastoral cross" bearing the crucified Christ which was always used by John Paul II and often by his successors.

    He died at Castel Gandolfo on 6 August 1978.

    Abp. Romero is the martyr of Salvador. Born in 1917. He became a priest in 1942, in 1970 he was appointed auxiliary bishop of San Salvador. In this role he was one of the protagonists of the Latin American Bishops Conference of Medellin (1968), considered a fundamental moment in the history of the Church of the sub-continent.

    In 1977 he became archbishop of San Salvador. In a period marked by the bloody repression of the popular movements, he was the bishop of the poor. The army, police and paramilitary movements also attacked priests and faithful called "communists". In Aguilares the church was destroyed and 200 faithful were killed.

    The Archbishop opposed all of this, his catechesis transmitted by the diocesan radio had wide ranging audience.

    On March 23, 1980, he asked the military not to obey orders contrary to the law of God. The next day he was killed "in hatred of the faith" by a hitman while he was celebrating mass in the chapel of the Divine Providence Hospital, where he lived.

    On 24 March, the United Nations declared the International Day for the Right to the Truth Concerning Gross Human Rights Violations and for the Dignity of Victims.

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    See also

    23/03/2012 INDIA - El SALVADOR
    New Delhi: Way of the Cross for Msgr. Romero, against Indian corruption
    Tomorrow, March 24 marks the 32nd anniversary of the death of the "martyr of El Salvador" and the Day of Prayer and Fasting for Missionary Martyrs. Archbishop of New Delhi: "The ministry of truth and justice of Archbishop Romero is crucial for the Indian Church."

    22/03/2011 INDIA
    Church marks ‘Romero Day’ against injustice and human rights violations in India
    Celebrations are set to begin this Thursday in Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata to commemorate the “Martyrdom of the Great Prophet”. For the president of the Commission for Justice, Peace and Development, “we are emphasising the need to follow his example by fighting for the rights of the marginalised through non-violent methods of protest. We need to be increasingly taking a stand for the poor, and not be afraid of the results.”

    27/04/2006 VATICAN
    Historical truth and concrete proof needed in causes of saints

    Certainty is called for about facts regarding those for whom the process would be started: concrete renown of their holiness, existence of hatred of the martyrs' faith, and the "physicality" of miracles.

    23/05/2017 13:46:00 VATICAN
    Pope: a "lukewarm" Church pleases the evil spirit, but "breeds distrust"

    "A Church without martyrs breeds distrust; A Church that does not risk breeds distrust; A Church that is afraid of proclaiming Jesus Christ and chasing out demons, idols, the other lord, which is money, is not the Church of Jesus. "

    24/05/2015 VATICAN
    For pope, Mgr Romero, “following the example of Jesus, chose to be among his people” even at the cost of his life
    “Faith in Jesus Christ, when understood well and its final consequences assumed, generates communities of that are builders of peace and solidarity,” said the pontiff in his message for the beatification of the Salvadorian bishop. The Holy Father also expressed “great concern” and sorrow for the “many refugees in the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea”. He also mentioned the “useless slaughter” of the First World War.

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