Bekasi saw the highest number of incidents with seven, followed by Greater Jakarta with six.
If the trend continues, the institute warned the total for the year might be more than three times that of last year.
By contrast, attacks against the Ahmadiyah community were down, 4 in 2010 compared to 33 in 2009. In the eyes of most Muslims, the Ahmadis are a heretical sect that believes its founder, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, was the last prophet of Islam, a claim that contradicts mainstream Muslim beliefs.
Not only are anti-Christian attacks up, but many go unrecorded. Ismail Hasani, a senior Setara researcher, said that what is know is only the tip of the iceberg. “We rely on our network to record the incidents, but there are others outside our coverage area,” he said.
Police plays an important role in the violation of religious freedom, Setara deputy chairman Bonar Tigor Naipospos said.
“Twelve of the violations this year have included district heads sealing or rejecting requests to build a church, with them citing ‘public pressure’ as the reason,” he said. “It seems that people and the government do not realize that the right to worship, as stipulated in the Constitution, comes with the right to have a house of worship.”
The growing problem showed the government’s monitoring of religious harmony was ineffective.
The central government, however, defended its handling of the situation.
Ahmad Syafi’i Mufid, head of Jakarta’s Forum of Religious Tolerance and head researcher at the Ministry of Religious Affairs, said the ministry had done enough. “They are the ones who are trying hard to avert conflicts,” he insisted.
He also defended local administrations’ conduct. “I think regional governments are just confused. They receive so much information that they do not know who is right or wrong,” he said.
In the end, the data back what AsiaNews has reported on several occasions. Anti-Christian violence is up in Indonesia and Muslim extremists are increasingly targeting Christians.
So far in 2010, Muslim radicals have disrupted religious services, stopped Christians from attending Mass, destroyed Christian places of worship and prevented the construction of new churches.