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    » 08/07/2009, 00.00

    CHINA – INDIA

    Sino-Indian border talks resume



    Border disputes have lingered since 1962. Beijing claims almost the whole of the State of Arunachal Pradesh, whilst India claims more than 50,000 km2 of Chinese-held territory. Meanwhile both sides are building up their military along the border.
    New Delhi (AsiaNews/Agencies) – China and India will resume high-level negotiations after a year's break to resolve a border dispute left outstanding since the 1962 war. Talks will take place today and tomorrow in New Delhi, with delegations lead by China’s State Councillor Dai Bingguo and Indian national security adviser M. K. Narayanan (pictured). But experts remain pessimistic about any possible breakthrough.

    The talks will not be easy, especially against a backdrop of acrimony over China’s military build-up in Tibet and Xinjiang and Beijing’s and India’s deployment of additional troops and beefed up air defences in Arunachal Pradesh.

    Indian officials have also expressed concerns over the Qinghai-Tibet railway and its proposed extension to Xigaze and Nyingchi, prefectures that border India.

    China claims about 90,000 square kilometres in India's northeast, including most of Arunachal Pradesh, which it likes to call South Tibet.

    India claims about 43,180 square kilometres in the Aksai Chin region, bordering the northern Kashmir state, including 5,180 square kilometres handed over to the Chinese by Pakistan in 1963, something China deeply resents.

    The 13th round of talks began with genuine interest on both sides to smooth relations. Many Indian media also decided not “demonise” their powerful neighbour. But Indian Foreign Affairs Minister S.M. Krishna called for caution saying that immediate results are not likely, that "time and patience” were needed.

    China's ambassador to India Zhang Yan, who described the two countries as “great neighbours”, said that growing economic relations between the nations called for the utmost political wisdom in handling existing problems. Still his words belie recent vituperative attacks on India in China's state-run media.

    In fact for Brahma Chellaney, professor of strategic studies at the New Delhi-based Centre for Policy Research, “China's objective is to keep India engaged in endless and fruitless border talks so that Beijing, in the meantime, can change the Himalayan balance decisively in its favour through development of military power and infrastructure.”

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    See also

    14/11/2006 INDIA - CHINA
    Border demarcation dispute between China and India re-emerges

    The two states have been claiming respective territories for more than 40 years. Now controversial declarations have been made by both sides, just days before President Hu visits Delhi.



    26/07/2008 CHINA – INDIA
    Chinese incursions along the border with India are up
    Beijing is pushing India to cede ‘southern Tibet’, the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. The demand is falling however on deaf ears in New Delhi which is instead reopening an airfield at 4,960 metres above sea level that overlooks the region, especially the Karakoram Highway to Pakistan.

    18/09/2009 CHINA – INDIA
    Arunachal Pradesh an integral part of India, Indian minister says
    India’s External Affairs Minister Krishna reiterates India’s position on Chinese-claimed region. Almost one armed incident per day occurs along the 3,500 Indo-Chinese border. Both Asian giants have an interest in living and developing peacefully side by side, but their relationship lacks “mutual trust”.

    16/11/2006 INDIA – CHINA
    Buddhist political and religious leaders in Indian border state fear Chinese territorial ambitions
    China's ambassador to India claims Arunachal Pradesh. Local leaders call on New Delhi to show resolve against Beijing.

    11/06/2012 INDIA - PAKISTAN
    Islamabad-New Delhi talks over Himalaya glacier
    The Pakistani government wants to break the stalemate over an area claimed by both sides for more than 50 years. New Delhi is not eager for change and warns against high expectations. In April, an avalanche killed 139 Pakistani soldiers. Between 1984 and 2003, Siachen glacier's cold weather and avalanches have killed more soldiers than fighting.



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