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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 07/31/2012, 00.00

    PHILIPPINES - CHINA

    South China Sea: Manila to auction off three areas disputed by Beijing



    The area of contention is off the western island of Palawan. For the Philippine government the area, rich in natural gas, is located within its national territory. Energy Secretary: "our rights are not negotiable." Local and foreign companies expected to attend auction, including Total, Eni and Shell.

    Manila (AsiaNews / Agencies) - The Philippine government launched a tender for the exploration of three areas rich in oil and natural gas in the South China Sea - which Manila calls West Philippine Sea - an area in the center of a bitter dispute with Beijing. The auction should see the participation of various national and international companies, including the French energy giant Total, Exxon USA, the Italian Eni and Dutch Royal Shell. It is an attempt by Manila to reduce dependence on foreign imports and to counter Beijing's expansionist ambitions in the Asia-Pacific region, which in the past has promoted bids for sea exploration (see AsiaNews 28/06/2012 South China Sea, tension between Manila, Hanoi and Beijing. A code of conduct useless), triggering protests from the Philippines and Vietnam.

    The Philippine Energy Secretary Jose Layug states that all three blocks covered by the contract belong to the national territory and are located off the western island of Palawan, where large reserves of underground natural gas were recently discovered. The official also rejected Beijing's assertions that the area is within China's maritime boundaries.

    "All the areas we have offered - adds Layug - are well within the 200 nautical mile exclusive economic zone of the Philippines under the UNCLOS", the United Nations Convention of the Law of the Seas. The Secretary concludes that "the Philippines exercises exclusive sovereign rights and authority to explore and exploit resources within these areas to the exclusion of other countries. There is no doubt and dispute about such rights."

    The archipelago in the South China Sea, potentially rich in undersea oil fields, is disputed by China, Vietnam, Brunei, Taiwan, Philippines and Malaysia and there have been various attempts by all parties to take possession of an atoll or other produce friction. The Philippines and Vietnam accuse Beijing of being overly aggressive in claiming sovereignty over the archipelago (see AsiaNews 04/07/2012 As China's foreign policy hardens, it is Beijing versus all). In recent weeks there have been clashes between Filipino, Vietnamese and Chinese vessels. In particular, the tension between Beijing and Manila peaked last April when a Chinese patrol vessels blocked - off Scarborough Shoal - Philippine navy boats, as they were about to stop Chinese vessels that had entered Filippino territorial waters.

    The hegemonic ambitions of Beijing also worry that the United States which has increased its naval presence in the Pacific. According to experts at Brussels based organization the International Crisis Group (ICG), the prospects for settlement of disputes "are declining" and although a war is "unlikely", all signals "are going in the wrong direction."

     

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    See also

    29/11/2012 CHINA - PHILIPPINES - VIETNAM
    South China Sea, China will allow the boarding of foreign ships
    After new passports with distorted maps, the communist regime announced that the Coast Guard of Hainan province can dock and control vessels for non-Chinese "who illegally enter territorial waters." The reference is to the maritime areas that Beijing is trying to snatch unilaterally from other governments in the area.

    08/04/2014 PHILIPPINES-CHINA-US
    South China Sea, Bishop of Manila: U.S. attitude worsens situation
    Bishop Broderick Pabillo, auxiliary of the capital, intervenes in territorial disputes and attacks the United States for "meddling" in the dispute. The prelate calls for a frank and open dialogue between China and the Philippines, to reach an agreement that averts the use of violence. Meanwhile, Indonesia strengthens its military against Chinese maneuvers.

    10/06/2015 PHILIPPINES – CHINA
    Manila releases Chinese fishermen arrested for poaching
    A Philippine court has ordered the release of nine fishermen sentenced to one year in prison. In May 2014 they had caught - in disputed waters - more than 550 giant turtles, a protected species in the archipelago. Their arrest further strained already tense relations between Manila and Beijing over disputed seas.

    15/03/2005 CHINA-PHILIPPINES-VIETNAM
    Beijing, Manila and Hanoi strike deal over Spratleys' oil


    18/09/2013 PHILIPPINES - U.S. - CHINA
    South China Sea, Manila and Washington play at war, against Beijing
    For three weeks, the U.S. and Philippine navy ships will carry out military exercises in the area, at the center of a bitter territorial dispute . 2,300 Marines involved. The goal is to strengthen military ties in an anti – Chinese pact. Anticipation for visit of U.S. President Barack Obama.



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