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» 09/22/2012
UZBEKISTAN - CHINA
Tashkent begins exporting gas to China
The agreement with Beijing is the first step out of the economic crisis and escape from hegemony of Moscow, the main buyer of Uzbek gas. 25 billion cubic meters of gas a year by 2015. In 2011, about 63 million cubic meters extracted, only 12 million exported. The former Soviet republic will contribute to the development of the gas pipeline in Central Asia sponsored by China.

Tashkent (AsiaNews / Agencies) - To emerge from the economic crisis and escape the control of Moscow, Uzbekistan has begun exporting natural gas to China. Signed in August, the agreement was only revealed on September 12 during a visit to Tashkent by Chinese Deputy Prime Minister Hui Liagyu. Relations between the two countries were born in June 2010 with the signing of a contract which provided for the intermediate export of 10 billion cubic meters of gas a year. Under the new agreement Uzbekistan will export from 2 to 5 billion cubic meters of fuel in 2012, increasing to 10 billion in 2013 and stabilizing at about 25 billion in 2016.

The former Soviet republic is the largest producer and consumer of natural gas in Central Asia, but its exports are very limited. Of 63 billion cubic meters of material extracted in 2011, the companies exported only  12 billion. To date, the main customer is Russia, followed by Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.

Exports will be piped to Beijing through the Central Asia and China pipeline, which starts from Turkmenistan and reaches the Chinese border through Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. It has an annual capacity of 30 billion cubic meters, but the Chinese authorities plan to increase the amount up to 55 billion cubic meters by 2015.

The start of gas exports to China will allow Uzbekistan to diversify exports in the energy sector and to acquire new customers and counter the economic crisis that afflicts the country. The agreement with Beijing allows the ex-Soviet republic to break away from the orbit of Moscow, which controls its former satellite countries by imposing prices for the purchase of raw materials and the exclusive rights for export. In 2009 Russia contributed to the severe economic crisis of Turkmenistan reducing the purchase of gas.

The advantages for Beijing are countless. By accessing the Chinese pipeline, Tashkent will force other Asian republics to make the same choice, introducing a high level of competition in the sector, with huge savings for China. In recent years the Asian giant has become one of the main partners in the energy sector in Central Asia because of its appetite for energy and raw materials to maintain economic growth. To counter the hegemony of Moscow, Beijing has contributed to the construction of a huge pipeline that will connect all the countries of the region, allowing exports throughout Asia.

 


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See also
07/21/2011 JAPAN
Japan recovers, posts a trade surplus
09/24/2004 CHINA - RUSSIA
Wen Jiabao in Russia and China's thirst for petroleum
09/07/2009 CHINA
China’s economic recovery uncertain a year into the global crisis
01/20/2009 CHINA
Uneasy Chinese New Year for laid-off migrant workers
11/24/2008 CHINA
Beijing tries to stimulate domestic consumption, against unemployment and revolts

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by Giulio Aleni / (a cura di) Gianni Criveller
pp. 176
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