29 January, 2015 AsiaNews.it Twitter AsiaNews.it Facebook            

Help AsiaNews | About us | P.I.M.E. | | RssNewsletter | Mobile





mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato
e-mail this to a friend printable version


» 09/01/2010
IRAQ
Tensions between Erbil and Baghdad, this time over gas
The authorities in Iraqi Kurdistan defend the agreement with Germany's RWE to transport its gas to Europe through Nabucco, considered illegal by the central government. The political stalemate continues as the of U.S. withdrawal officially ends from today “Iraq is sovereign and independent", according to Prime Minister al-Maliki.

Baghdad (AsiaNews) - A new blow to Baghdad from the semiautonomous region of Kurdistan: its agreement with Germany's RWE to develop gas fields and the subsequent transport of the blue gold from Iraq to Europe through Nabucco. On August 27 the Kurdish authorities have announced an agreement with the second largest utility company in Germany, signed on their own without central government approval. And now the controversy has exploded.

Under the agreement, RWE will provide expertise for the development of internal reserves and infrastructure to transport gas for export, using the Nabucco pipeline as a westward route for Kurdish gas. According to the Kurdish Minister of Natural Resources, Ashti Horami, 20 billion cubic meters of gas per year could fuel Kurdish-Iraqi Nabucco. This aims to transport gas from the Caspian region to Europe to lessen the Old Continent’s energy dependence on Russia.

As expected, last August 29, Baghdad branded the Erbil initiative as illegal, which for its part, yesterday responded that it was perfectly a sound deal. "We will continue to successfully develop our oil and gas reserves in line with the Constitution, which was accepted by the majority of Iraqis," said Falah Mustafa Bakir, Head of Foreign Relations of the Kurdish government. The two different positions on the question of the country’s energy resources are destined to remain it seems. Baghdad maintains that exploration, drilling, refining and exports, throughout the national territory, are activities that fall under its jurisdiction. Erbil disagrees: it speaks of its right to manage the assets individually guaranteed by the Constitution of Iraq, which is not very clear in this regard. Kurdistan has developed several such deposits, signing agreements with some twenty foreign companies, which the central government has declared illegal for years.

Political stalemate continues

"We will not wait for the instructions of an unsuccessful ministry like the Iraqi ministry of oil," said Bakir. And the political deadlock that still reigns in the country five months after the elections on March 7, contributes only to reignite these positions.

The problem that still remains to be solved is the naming of the prime minister. Iraqiya - the nationalist alliance led by former Prime Minister Iyad Allawi, that won the elections by a narrow majority - accuses the National Alliance - the Shiite coalition that has reunited led by current Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki – of blocking all possible solutions. For weeks, the Shiite bloc has been arguing over a candidate for prime minister: al-Maliki wants a second term at all costs, but his Shiite partners do not. And no one will give up. According to Iraqiya, this is just a game to take time and block the formation of a government by Allawi's secular list.

"Today Iraq is an independent"

The hope of finding a solution without the aid of heavy-handed neighbours like Iran and Syria, appears increasingly distant after the American withdrawal from Iraq. U.S. President Barack Obama tonight will mark the symbolic date of the end of combat operations after seven years since the invasion of the country. Speaking from the Oval Office, he will address the Americans in a nationally televised speech at 8pm (local time). The number of American troops still in Iraq is less than 50 thousand units. Their mission will now be to advise and support the Iraqi army. For many analysts the void left by the U.S. will soon be filled by neighbouring Iran and Syria, giving way to scenarios of civil war. But this does not seem to worry the leaders of the country. For al-Maliki "Iraq is now sovereign and independent." (LYR)

 


e-mail this to a friend printable version

See also
05/02/2007 IRAQ - USA
Bush vetoes timetable for US troop withdrawal from Iraq
07/29/2008 IRAQ
Archbishop Sako: in Kirkuk, "shameful" acts against the country's "fragile" recovery
07/13/2007 IRAQ-USA
US House is told: little progress on security in Iraq
12/02/2008 IRAQ
In the “new” Iraq, a strategy to eliminate Christians
by Dario Salvi
01/02/2009 IRAQ
Baghdad's Green Zone under control of Iraqi soldiers

Editor's choices
IRAQ
The children of Mosul and the future: the "five-star" refugee camp
by Bernardo CervelleraIn the garden of the parish of Mar Elia beside the tents there are containers that serve as classrooms for the children and as a library. Another serves as a room for sewing. A children's choir. Fr. Douglas: "Taking care of refugees does not just mean thinking about eating, drinking, medicines, injections, vaccinations ... The displaced persons need to do something and to cultivate hope."
IRAQ
Way of the Cross: the refugees from Mosul beyond the emergency
by Bernardo CervelleraThere are at least half a million people who have taken refuge in Kurdistan to flee from ISIS. In the Shlama Mall at Erbil: 350 people living in the skeleton of a building under construction, with draped sheets and blankets serving as walls. The ordination of a young man, also a refugee, shows that with the flight, there is something that has not been destroyed: the faith, the traditions, the priesthood.
IRAQ - VATICAN
As 'Adopt a Christian from Mosul' continues, Mosul bishop notes that Jesus is born amid refugee containers
by Amel NonaPersecuted by the Islamic state, refugees have lost everything: belongings, home, jobs, school, and their future. Yet, their faith and mission remain strong. For them, almost 900,000 euros have been raised and sent. Pope Francis sends a message of closeness. The campaign continues according to the Patriarch of Baghdad's proposal of fasting and moderation at Christmas and New Year, with the money saved offered to the Christians of Mosul.

Dossier

by Giulio Aleni / (a cura di) Gianni Criveller
pp. 176
Copyright © 2003 AsiaNews C.F. 00889190153 All rights reserved. Content on this site is made available for personal, non-commercial use only. You may not reproduce, republish, sell or otherwise distribute the content or any modified or altered versions of it without the express written permission of the editor. Photos on AsiaNews.it are largely taken from the internet and thus considered to be in the public domain. Anyone contrary to their publication need only contact the editorial office which will immediately proceed to remove the photos.