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    » 12/08/2012, 00.00

    VIETNAM - ASIA

    Transparency International: corruption up in Vietnam, Laos and China



    The 2012 Corruption Perceptions Index report indicates all three nations are worse off this year. In Vietnam, uncertainty prevails amid scandals and bad management. North Korea continues to be at the bottom of the ranking. Myanmar and Cambodia are still in negative territory but have improved a bit.

    Hanoi (AsiaNews/Agencies) - Vietnam, Laos, and China have dropped significantly in a global graft index, which measures perceived corruption, this according to a report by Transparency International.

    North Korea, which saw the rise of a third generation of Kims with Kim Jong-un, third son of the late Kim Jong-il, taking over from his father, remained the world's most corrupt nation according to the 2012 ranking.

    Vietnam fell to the 123rd position among 176 nations and territories from the 112th a year ago, the Berlin-based corruption watchdog Transparency International said in its annual Corruption Perceptions Index. The group's 2011 report ranked a total of 183 countries and territories.

    For perceived levels of public-sector corruption, Vietnam received a score of 31 on a scale from 0 to 100, where 0 indicates "highly corrupt" and 100 represents "very clean."

    With its economy is in turmoil, a spate of corporate scandals and inefficient management of major government-run firms have sparked investor concerns.

    Growing public frustration over the economy has led the government to renew at least on paper its anti-corruption drive against crime and wrongdoings. However, arrests and iron-fisted policies have not solved the problems, as the Transparency International ranking shows.

    Laos slipped to 160th position this year from 154th in 2011 and received a score of 21 (out of 100) in 2012, down from 2.2 (out of 10) a year ago, the report said.

    Vientiane has moved to step up development, but rights groups have complained about human rights problems, including rampant official corruption and abuses by government officials, as well as the government's policy to grab land from the people.

    Mainland China also slipped from the 75th position to 80th, scoring 39 on the corruption scale. It had had scored 3.6 a year ago.

    For China's new leader, Xi Jinping, the fight against corruption within the party, at both local and central levels, will be one of the main challenges.

    At the bottom of the ranking, North Korea is tied with Somalia and Afghanistan. For Pyongyang, this is a repeat of last year's bottom position when it was first included.

    The Communist nation scored 8 out of 100-the lowest of all rated countries-on the 2012 report. It had received 1 out of 10 a year ago.

    However, slightly, things have improved in Myanmar raising the nation to 172nd position from 180th last year, Cambodia also saw its ranking rise, from 164th to 157th.

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    See also

    27/03/2010 LAOS - UNITED STATES
    Washington looks to Laos to contain China’s expansion
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    25/01/2014 LAOS-CHINA
    Laotian farmers defy police and Chinese companies in defense of disputed land
    Dispute over thousand hectares of rice fields in the northern province of Bokeo. Singled out to become an airport as part of a development plan that will lead to the creation of a reserved area for gambling. Farmers defend the land, the only source of wealth and claim compensation offered to date is derisory.

    20/10/2010 LAOS – VIETNAM – CHINA
    Calls for a moratorium on Mekong dam building that destroy environment and people
    Laos and Cambodia are planning to build dams to generate electrical power for sale. China, which already has four big dams upstream, is accused of taking too much water. The river’s ecosystems and the lives of 65 million people are at risk. Vietnam and Thailand are not against a US role in the matter.

    30/12/2009 CHINA
    To continue growth, China refuses to reevaluate the yuan
    According to official data industrial profits are recovering. Premier Wen says now necessary to contain inflation, especially in real estate, and that a "stable" Yuan is beneficial for the world economy. Meanwhile, the government can not even contain corruption.

    25/06/2007 VIETNAM – LAOS
    In Vientiane social action on behalf of women and children leads to the faith
    With a similar path of economic development Vietnam, where Catholics number some six million, and Laos, where they are about 50,000, are brought closer together by the growth of the faith.



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