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  • » 07/13/2011, 00.00

    MYANMAR – INDIA

    War, violence and refugees as the Kachin face Myanmar’s junta



    A Kachin expert tells AsiaNews about the uncertainty that grips an entire people, exhausted by a long civil war. Meanwhile, the international community shows little interest in the matter.
    New Delhi (AsiaNews) – Kachin live in uncertainty because “fighting between the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) and Burmese government troops continue everyday in Kachin State and northern Shan State,” said Zau Raw, coordinator for Kachin Refugee Committee (KRC) in New Delhi (India). He spoke to AsiaNews about the difficult situation facing the Kachin people at a time when the international community shows little interest in their plight.

    “Burmese troops based in Pa Jau Na Hpaw, the former headquarters of the KIA, used heavy weaponry against a strategic KIA army camp in Padang Kawng on Monday. Some shells hit the Chinese side” of the border, he said. “Early in the morning of July 11, at Bum Sen post, a battle between KIA’s battalion 15 and Burmese troops lasted until midday.”

    Recently, clashes between the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) and Burmese government troops took place on 2 and 3 July in different parts of Kachin State, this “despite efforts by both sides to negotiate a ceasefire on June 17 and 30 during meetings between KIA and Burmese government representatives.” Every day, people died on both sides.

    “There are more than 15,000 refugees on the border with China. Most of them have found refuge in KIA headquarters in Laiza township where the KIA opened six refugee camps,” Zau Raw said. These camps rely on aid from the KIA and London-based Health Unlimited, but shortages have appeared.

    “International aid is needed,” he warned, because the Burmese government has refused to help local NGOs reach the war zone with aid.

    “Most Kachin are Christian,” he noted, “but the Churches have a hard time bringing aid to refugee camps. Burmese authorities have tried to discredit the refugees claiming they are KIA supporters or fighters; however, they are just destitute people fleeing war. Some have found a hiding place in local Buddhist monasteries or in churches.”

    Zau Raw has been in India since 2006. he was born in Manje, near the city of Bhamo in Kachin State, where fighting is raging. He remembers many of the acts of violence perpetrated by Burmese soldiers against civilians “before the 1994 ceasefire between the KIA and the Burmese military.”

    “Whenever Burmese soldiers showed up, all adult males would run into the jungle to avoid being conscripted as porters,” he said.

    The Burmese military often use porters as human shields against the KIA. They are also denied medical care and adequate food. Many have died from malaria or malnutrition. Still, “A few have been able to escape and come home.”

    “Now the civil war has come close to my home town. I have seen repeated acts of violence against Kachin civilians. I too was subjected to forced labour,” he explained.

    “The entire Kachin population is the victim of uncertainty in the war zone. Anyone can be arrested or jailed without evidence for allegedly supporting the KIA”. (NC)
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    See also

    19/08/2014 MYANMAR
    Kachin Bishops urge "sustainable" solution to conflict, "peace is possible" in Myanmar
    The bishops of Banmaw, Myitkyina and Lashio revived the project of a "true federalism" that respects "ethnic groups, cultures and resources." They denounce human trafficking and the drug problem that has affected young people. Glimmers of a national ceasefire talks between the government and ethnic militias.

    19/10/2007 MYANMAR
    Junta moves towards ‘democracy’ by arresting its people and accusing the West
    After 14 years of consultation, Myanmar’s generals announce the creation of a committee charged with drafting a new constitution. For many analysts it is only a ploy to lessen international pressure. Monasteries along the northern border continue to be raided with the support of Chinese authorities.

    15/04/2014 MYANMAR
    Kachin, Burmese Army raids rebel stronghold: thousands of refugees and humanitarian crisis
    A group of local NGOs , including Christian and Catholic organizations, warn of a crisis in the State in northern Myanmar. In the last few days - in conjunction with the census - the fighting has intensified, at least 3 thousand people take flight. Part of the displaced have found refuge across the border in China. Appeals for a ceasefire and the resumption of peace talks.

    09/09/2015 MYANMAR
    As the authorities talk peace with ethnic groups, the Church helps displaced people
    Myanmar’s president met a delegation of ethnic leaders for talks, hoping to see peace by the November elections. Among Kachin and Shan refugees, the situation is increasingly critical. Food supplies are at risk, and thousands of children and youth might not be able to go to school. The local Caritas and Church are in the forefront of relief efforts.

    17/04/2015 MYANMAR
    Myanmar military clash with Kokang rebels, 16 soldiers killed and over a hundred wounded
    The fighting took place in north-eastern Myanmar, along the border with China. The military told displaced people to return home. But people are afraid of retaliation and more violence. So far, it is unclear how many people have died or are wounded. Aid workers have been denied access to the area where fighting is taking place.



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