» 11/29/2012, 00.00
Blitz of the Muslim Brotherhood and Salafists: Sharia is the main source of law
Art. 2 of the new constitution voted in record time, it subordinates the law to the exact dictates of the dictates of the Koran. The House voted despite the boycott of the liberal parties, the Coptic Orthodox Church and other realities of civil society. The session was attended by only 85 members out of 100.
Cairo (AsiaNews) - In record time, the Egyptian Constituent
Assembly dominated by Islamists has approved Art. 2 of the draft constitution. Sharia is the main source of law. The session was attended by only 85 members out of 100. Absent most of the delegates of the democratic parties and
representatives of the Coptic Orthodox and Catholic Churches. The leadership of the Assembly have replaced only 11 of the 30
seats allocated to secular parties. In recent weeks the latter had boycotted the Assembly, accusing it
of failing to represent Egyptian society in a balanced way. In the coming days, the delegates will vote on the remaining 232
articles of the new text.
Begun this morning, the
voting took place in an atmosphere of high tension. Yesterday, hundreds of thousands of people took to the main
streets of the country to protest against President Mohamed Morsi and the
In a surprise move, the
Islamist leader has assumed extraordinary powers including the right to
dissolve the constituent body, himself replacing the Constitutional Court,
which has remained one of the few institutions free from the hegemony of
To date, the Salafis and
the Muslim Brotherhood, who emerged victorious from the parliamentary elections
which ended last January, have been able to change the first article of the
constitution by adding the word "shura" - a term used in the Qur'an
to establish advisory bodies - in the part referring to the democratic foundation of the
country. The amendment to Art.2 with the explicit juridical reference to
Koranic law marks a turning point in the country and threatens the large Coptic
Christian minority, which accounts for about 10% of the Egyptian population, and
also threatens freedom of expression and of dress. In the previous constitution, Sharia was mentioned, but judges were supposed
only to adhere to the principles of Islamic law.
AsiaNews sources explained
that in the new Art. 2, the principles
have been replaced by the sayings of the Koran. In this way, Egypt is moving away from a more modern view of law and
closer to that of many Gulf monarchies, such as Saudi Arabia. "If the Constitution passes the referendum planned for the
coming months - sources said - a grown man can marry a girl of 6 years, or have
several wives. Women will be forced to wear the veil. Christians are in danger
of not being able to practice their faith freely."
Meanwhile, tensions rise
for the big event organized by the Muslim Brotherhood and Salafis in support of
President Morsi that, according to the Islamists, should gather millions of
people. The Ministry of Interior has increased security measures to
prevent any clashes with protests organized by the secular movements, the
protagonists of the demonstrations of these days and of several attacks against
the headquarters of the Justice and Freedom Party (Muslim Brotherhood). (SC)
Egypt, police take to streets against the Muslim Brotherhood
Thousands of police officers across the country are protesting against the politicization of the security forces. The President Morsi accused of using the police to protect members of the Muslim Brotherhood and attack his opponents.
The new revolution of the Egyptian youth against the "neo-dictator" Mohamed Morsi
Tens of thousands of people have been thronging the streets for days. The results of the first clashes with the police is already two dead and one seriously injured. The demonstrators: "A revolution to save the revolution." André Azzam, an Egyptian journalist, explains to AsiaNews the climate these days in the capital, which after a year is back in the hands of pro-democracy movements. More than 50% of the population is tired of Islamists accused of having brought the country to the brink of civil war. The eerie silence of the military leadership which has passed into the hands of the Muslim Brotherhood. Islamists warn the democrats: "Do not play with fire."
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Al-Azhar’s double game to Islamize Egypt and maintain power
In recent years the authorities of the most important Sunni university, supported the youth of the revolution and are now with the Muslim Brotherhood. For the great scholar of Islam Fr. Samir Khalil Samir, such behavior is typical of the University, which has always supported those who govern. The new constitution based on Sharia will not transform Egypt into an Islamic state, for now. It takes advantage of the ignorance of a population that only trusts imams, all formed by al-Azhar. The document is primarily a ideological move by Islamists to appear like "real Muslims" before the Islamic world. Sharia, Islam, religion reassure the population. The future game of the Muslim Brotherhood and of Islam itself will evolve in the coming months on specific topics: jobs, the economy and development.
Secular activists against Egypt's new "authoritarian" law on demonstrations
The controversial law on "unauthorised" protests claims its first victim. Alaa Abdul Fattah, a leading figure in the demonstrations against Mubarak and the Islamists, is arrested. In the Constituent Assembly, Christian Churches and al-Azhar win the battle against Salafis over Sharia.
Muslim Brotherhood leader gets life as secular pro-democracy activist gets out on bail
Abdul Fattah, a pro-democracy activist and blogger who led the Arab spring against former Egyptian President Mubarak, had been sentenced to 15 years for violating anti-protest law. On top of their legal problems, the leaders of the Muslim Brotherhood's political wing, the Freedom and Justice Party, are expelled from Qatar, which had protected so far. Turkey might be their next home.
Pope Francis tells young people that “genuine love” is not a “soap opera”, but Christians’ real identity card
In his homily for the Jubilee of Teens, Pope Francis asked questions and gave answers to the 70,000 present. Stressing the great ideal of love as giving oneself “without being possessive”, he noted that freedom is “being able to choose the good”. He warned young people “who dare not dream,” telling them that “If you do not dream at your age, you are already ready for retirement”. He also received funds raised for the Ukraine, and appealed for the release of bishops and the priests held in Syria.
Odd alliance between the US and Iranian fundamentalists
Washington is still preventing the use of US dollars in transactions with Iranian banks, preventing business with the outside world in spite of the nuclear deal. This way, the US is helping Khamenei and the Revolutionary Guards, who want to torpedo the agreement in order to maintain their hold on power. Meanwhile, most Iranians hold down two or three jobs just to make ends meet. An unstable and bellicose Iran is a boon for arms sales. A report follows.
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