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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 06/14/2013, 00.00

    INDONESIA

    Central Java: fatwa against Catholic schools, "forbidden" to Muslims

    Mathias Hariyadi

    In a "controversial" statement, the local Ulema Council in Tegal said that such schools are haram, "morally unsound." Politics and local authorities have fuelled the controversy for electoral advantage. However, the families of Muslim students have defended the schools, claiming the right to free choice in matters of education.

    Jakarta (AsiaNews) - The powerful Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) has come out against Catholic schools in Tegal District, Central Java province, issuing a "controversial" a fatwa that has sparked reactions and protests.

    For MUI leaders, such schools are "haram", "morally unsound" for young Muslim pupils despite the fact that they score high for the quality of the education they provide and have as a consequence attracted a large number of non-Christians.  

    In so doing, they have opened up a new fault line after their recent attack against Miss World Contest; this in the world's most populous Muslim nation, where Catholics are a small but significant presence.

    For the schools, the fatwa is a great blow, coming in the wake of attacks from Muslim extremists and local governments that included threats of closure that were however eventually dropped.

    The Ulema Council has often intervened to enforce orthodox views about Muslim precepts, such as how to butcher animals or uphold Islamic mores. However, in this case the motivation behind MUI's stance is "political" in nature. It follows appeals by local authorities to force Catholic schools to teach the Muslim religion to its non-Christian pupils.

    Harun Abdi Manaf, MUI leader in Tegal, said that the council went through "lengthy discussions" and that a "decision was taken in April" to issue "a fatwa destined for the parents" of Muslim pupils, telling them not to send their children to Catholic schools. He explicitly referred to Catholic schools in Tegal and Pemalang, which have been under the threat of closure because they opposed a government order that requires them to reach Islam.

    In addition to Mgr Julianus Sunarko, bishop of Purwokerto, many Muslim families have come to the defence of the two schools, claiming their right to a quality education. In fact, many schools run by nuns, priests and lay Catholics offer such excellence in education that they are sought after by non-Christians.

    However, government authorities have tried too often to exert some form of control (however small) over these schools. The demand to have Islam included in the curriculum has thus become a rallying point to gain Islamist political and electoral support.

    Indeed, Indonesian authorities in recent years have repeatedly given in to MUI's pressures. For example in Aceh, a province run by Islamic radicals, women are not allowed to wear tight pants or skirts.

    In March 2011, MUI also lashed out at the flag raising "because Mohammed never did it". Before that, it had launched anathemas against Facebook for its "amoral" nature, as well as yoga, smoking and voting rights, in particular for women.

     

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    See also

    16/12/2016 15:12:00 INDONESIA
    Indonesian Ulema tell Muslims that dressing up as Santa Claus is prohibited

    Showing accessories or clothes that reflect a non-Islamic tradition is against the law. The Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) issued fatwa 56/2016 against the increasingly Christmassy atmosphere that is pervading public spaces. The group The MUI called on Muslims not to "mix" with a foreign culture.



    16/06/2006 SOUTH KOREA
    Christian groups claim right to manage their own schools
    Under the new law, which comes into effect on July 1, one quarter of boards of directors must be named by outside groups.

    03/10/2015 INDONESIA
    Central Java, Muslim student lauds confessional harmony of Catholic campus
    The testimony of Satya Tantra, a Muslim student at the Catholic University of Soegijapranata, attending Aseaccu event. A "wonderful opportunity" to an "inclusive" experience on a religious, human and social level. With him, a young Catholic, who sees possibility of a "society in which Muslims, Christians and Buddhists live happily together."

    08/02/2011 INDONESIA
    Central Java: Thousands of Muslims attack three churches, an orphanage and a Christian centre
    Parish priest of Catholic Church badly beaten. A police vehicle torched and the court Temanggung destroyed. The wrath of the crowd unleashed over a blasphemy sentence deemed to lenient (5 years in prison instead of death penalty).

    18/12/2013 INDONESIA
    For Indonesian Ulema, Christmas and New Year are "haram" and should not be celebrated
    The leaders of the Islamic movement in Banda Aceh rail against the upcoming holidays, which are typical of "Western and Roman culture." Their nature "does not belong to the spirit of Islam." They also issue warnings to Christians, who must "respect" sharia, and hotels, which must not organise celebrations or balls.



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