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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 03/16/2010, 00.00

    TURKEY

    Europe is asking Ankara to recognize the Ecumenical Patriarchate and other religious minorities

    NAT da Polis

    A ruling of the European Commission for Democracy says in fact that the title "ecumenical" Patriarchate of Constantinople is universally recognized and it does not understand the insistence of Turkish authorities in denying a historically established fact. Europe’s warning useful to Erdogan's in his battle to reform the constitution.

    Istanbul (AsiaNews) - The European Commission for Democracy has made a ruling urging Turkey to recognize as from time immemorial the entire international community has done, the status of the Ecumenical Patriarchate and its historical role as it was already defined the sixth century. In the same ruling the legal status of all religious minorities in Turkey is recognized.  

    The committee, the so-called Venice committee, named after the lagoon city where it gathered the day before yesterday, is part of the Council of Europe, which brings together 47 states, including Turkey.

    The Turkish authorities, since the foundation of the Turkish Republic in 1923, have refused to recognize the religious status of the See of Constantinople, considering it simply as a single diocese of the Orthodox community and the recognizing the Patriarch of Constantinople the sole function of the pastor of his community.  

    This ruling, observes the noted journalist, editor of www.amen.gr Nikos Papachristou, in addition to restoring the historic right of Constantinople, lays the foundation not only for the reopening of the Theological School of Halki (pictured), but also to change the current situation, for which the metropolitans must be Orthodox Christians of Turkish nationality.

    The Commission states that the title "ecumenical" from the Patriarchate of Constantinople is universally recognized and that it does not understand the insistence of Turkish authorities in not recognizing a historically defined fact that is accepted throughout the world. This committee links the work of the theological school to the role of the Ecumenical Patriarchate and has called for its immediate reopening. It explicitly calls on Turkey to legally recognise the Ecumenical Patriarchate and all the religious communities present in Turkey. The discussion was attended by two representatives of the government from Ankara, whose arguments were rejected.

    The committee also reminded Turkey of compliance with Article 9 of the Treaty on Human Rights, which establishes the right to religious freedom, which must not hinder the exercise of religious functions and the See of Constantinople to be titled the Ecumenical Patriarchate. Certainly, it is said in the ruling, Turkey is not obliged to recognize the ecumenical title, but it can not, however, force anyone to deny this historical title that is defined and universally accepted. And on that point, the grand jury said they did not understand the legal reasons for which Turkey refuses to recognize the historic role of the patriarchate.  

    The ruling rejected Ankara’s appeal to the Lausanne Treaty, in so far as it makes no mention of the Ecumenical Patriarchate and therefore places no restriction on the exercise of its role. In this regard, committee members commented that the Treaty of Lusanne (1923) is now superseded and surpassed by recent treaties on the rights of man. So continuing to invoke it is a sign of defensive positions that have long been exceeded.  

    The sentence, though once again condemns Turkey for breach of human rights, in essence, does not displease Erdogan, who can now reproach the godfathers of the old bureaucratic nomenclature, concentrated in the judiciary and the Supreme Court, a mentality that is not appropriate to European dimension, and may invoke the need to accelerate the reform of the Turkish Constitution, widely seen as responsible for all the ills of Turkey.

    It may be coincidence, but at last Thursday’s meeting in the Dolmabahce Palace in Istanbul, that included the Deputy Prime Minister Bulent Arinc, who is also responsible for the religious foundations, and all the spiritual leaders of religious minorities, including Bartholomew, when asked by reporters about the reopening of the Theological School of Halki, the same Arinc replied that the Erdogan government has decided to allow its reopening.  

    Hopes are born for a real springtime for religious minorities in Turkey.

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    See also

    05/09/2011 TURKEY
    A "satisfied" Bartholomew I hopes for the reopening of the Halki School
    For the ecumenical patriarch of Constantinople, the return of properties seized by the Turkish government is an act of justice and reparation for the illegal acts of the past. He has asked for further steps and Erdogan replied to him: This is just the beginning. Imminent reopening of the Theological School of Halki, closed by Ankara in 1971.

    21/01/2013 TURKEY
    Ankara returns land confiscated from Halki Theological School
    A large wooded area confiscated during the Second World War. It is the largest amount of land to be returned after the government's decision to restore property to non-Muslim foundations. The decision praised in the last article by Turkish journalist Mehmet Ali Birant, who died a few days ago. Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I attended his funeral.

    23/07/2009 TURKEY
    Despite Europe's request, Ankara continues to waver on Religious Freedom
    The head of EU enlargement has said that the accession process of Turkey also depends on the Halki school, an institution for the formation of the clergy of the Ecumenical Patriarchate, closed since 1971. The government remains silent, while the debate grows in the media. The real issue is the recognition of the status of the Patriarchate.

    22/12/2009 TURKEY
    Ecumenical Patriarch “crucified”
    A statement by Bartholomew about the difficulties Turkish authorities create for the Christian Orthodox community provokes an irate response from Turkey’s foreign minister. Turkey continues to subordinate the reopening of the Orthodox Theological Seminary in Halki to the opening of a mosque in Athens, Greece.

    07/01/2011 TURKEY - ORTHODOX
    Istanbul, historic visit of Turkish Deputy PM to Bartholomew I
    It 's the first time a government official has been to the Fanar since 1952, when Prime Minister Menderes met Patriarch Athenagoras. There was some discussion of education for religious minorities and the issue of church property.



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