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    » 06/14/2013, 00.00

    SRI LANKA

    For Sri Lankan bishops, the government must respect Tamils, the country needs unity



    In a statement addressed to the government, the Bishops' Conference calls for the retention of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution, which created provincial councils and granted Tamil official language status. Its repeal would be detrimental to northern minorities.

    Colombo (AsiaNews/Agencies) - Administrative decentralisation and a new  constitution that guarantees peace, justice and real prosperity for all citizens, irrespective of ethnic, religious or social differences is what the Bishops' Conference of Sri Lanka wants from the government at a time when parliament is debating the possible repeal of the 13th amendment of the constitution.

    Adopted in 1987 during the civil war, the amendment set up provincial councils and recognised Sinhala and Tamil as Sri Lanka's official languages, with English as a link language between the island's various ethnic groups.

    For the first time, the constitutional change recognised the Tamil community as a distinct political and social entity. This is particularly important in the north, where Tamils are the majority, a region that saw the bloodiest moments of the civil war.

    For several weeks, parliament has been discussing a proposal to repeal the amendment. The latter was introduced into the house by the Jathika Hela Urumaya, a Sinhala ultra-nationalist party that is part of the ruling coalition.

    For this purpose, the government has set up a parliamentary committee to review the constitution, but opposition parties and minority representatives have expressed their opposition, accusing the government of President Mahindra Rajapaksa of wanting to centralise power to harm Tamils.

    In a statement on the issue, Sri Lanka's Catholic bishops, led by Card Malcolm Ranjith, noted, "Essentially, the problem in the North is a national question for which the solution is to be found by the local political leadership of both the Sinhala and the Tamil communities. What is needed is the proper study and careful consideration of all factors along with a broad based consultation of the different political parties and civil society groups before any changes are to be made. We are not convinced that this is happening."

    In the north, people are still coping with difficult conditions, as well as a massive military presence, despite the fact that the state of emergency was lifted from the area two years ago.

    Provincial elections in the Northern Province are scheduled for September. Since April, a local NGO has been helping local residents get new identity papers after their original ones were lost during the Civil War and never re-issued.

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    See also

    07/09/2010 SRI LANKA
    Rajapaksa vying for more powers, re-election
    Under current rules, a president can be elected consecutively only twice. Rajapaksa wants to abolish term limits in order to run again.

    25/01/2012 SRI LANKA
    Rajapaksa “promises” independence to Tamil
    The government wants to set up an advisory body to plan reforms needed by ethnic minorities in northern and eastern Sri Lanka (the areas most affected by the civil war). Catholics criticise the president for “appointing commissions” when all that is needed is to “implement the 13th Amendment”, which transfers power to the provinces.

    24/03/2014 SRI LANKA
    Yogurt as a "tool of independence" for Tamil women
    An association based in Sri Lanka's Western Province donates two yogurt-making machines to the women of a village in the Northern Province. Most of the latter are widows, struggling to support their family. The new economic activity will be "a solution to economic problems and a way to encourage co-operation."

    04/03/2015 SRI LANKA
    Sri Lankan president visits warn-torn Northern Province
    Health, agriculture, education, land and fishing were the main issues discussed with provincial authorities. "The task of bringing together the minds of the people cannot be achieved only through physical development," the president said.

    14/04/2011 SRI LANKA
    Card Ranjith visits Tamil war victims
    The wounds inflicted by war are still open, whilst the military proves incapable of communicating with locals in their language. A mission sent by the Congress of Religions looks into the situation of the Northern Province, two years since the end of the 30-year ethnic conflict.



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