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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 06/23/2005, 00.00

    LEBANON

    General Michel Aoun and Lebanon's future

    Youssef Hourany

    Beirut (AsiaNews) – Michel Aoun, the general in exile for nearly 15 years at Syria's behest, has turned out to be one of the winners in Lebanon's parliamentary elections. Yesterday he met the Maronite Patriarch Nasrallah Sfeir in Bkerke.

    After his visit with Cardinal Sfeir, Aoun told AsiaNews he has decided his entire group of 14 members of parliament will join in the drafting of a new electoral law, geared towards giving each citizen "his rights to freedom and democracy".

    The 2000 electoral law, wanted by the Syrians, was worked out in such a way as to favour public figures and groups closer to Syria while penalising above all the Christian areas of east Beirut. Despite this, the parliamentary majority – 72 seats in all – was clinched by the Bristol group (Saad Hariir, Joumblatt, Kornet Chehwane, Lebanese Forces).

    The victory is however less than expected: Saad Hariri had predicted a victory of at least 90 seats in parliament, that is, the two-thirds needed to change the constitution without resorting to outside backing. The more modest impact of Hariri's triumph is down to Aoun's presence and his victory in areas of Mount Lebanon and Zahle.

    Faten Nader, president of the organisation for social development and promotion of peace, told AsiaNews: "Certainly it was known that Aoun [back in Lebanon only a few days before the election – ndr] was popular among Christians and even among Muslims, but not to the point of making his candidates win in Kesrouan, Metn and in Zahle. In any case, thanks to him, Christians felt more motivated to get out there. Now he has been consecrated as the representative of a good number of Christians."

    Sources close to Michel Aoun say the ex general has already drawn up a list of the most urgent problems which need to be tackled: the application of the UN Convention 1559 about the total Syrian withdrawal, the disarmament of Hezbollah and of the Palestinian camps. But these problems are also the most burning issues, which threaten to polarize people and make the life of the new parliament difficult.  

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    See also

    03/05/2007 LEBANON – VATICAN
    Sfeir brings concerns about his country’s future to the Vatican
    Maronite Patriarch is increasingly worried about the institutional deadlock caused by the country’s political crisis, but especially by the increasingly bitter divisions within the Christian community. The synod of Maronite bishops will take place in a few weeks.

    19/12/2006 LEBANON
    Maronite bishops urge Christian leaders to reconcile
    A special commission is expected to meet Christian political leaders, currently split between majority and opposition. Arab League secretary general should renew his mediation efforts, but the opposition no longer wants a national unity government; instead, it is demanding early elections.

    07/05/2007 LEBANON
    Constitution cannot be changed to elect president, says Sfeir
    During celebrations for Our Lady of Lebanon, Maronite patriarch demands respect for the state’s basic law. He says he is ready to announce a ‘consensus-based’ choice for president if there are guarantees that his choice “is taken into account.” Aoun confirms his candidacy, adds: “I will not support any other person. I will not agree on anyone.”

    13/05/2005 LEBANON
    Press release by Maronite Bishops is moderate, clear and just, says Ignatius IV Hazim
    On the eve of his departure for the United States, the Patriarch of Antioch said to "look to the future with optimism" and confirmed his "full confidence" in Cardinal Sfeir.

    16/01/2008 LEBANON
    For Cardinal Sfeir Lebanon’s president must be elected in accordance with Lebanon’s constitution
    The Maronite patriarch criticises a proposal made by Hizbullah and General Aoun for the direct election of the head of state, saying that he supports “a Lebanese solution in the first place, an Arab solution as a second choice and an international solution as a third option.” Ruling alliance rejects Hizbullah’s call for an “Islamic government.”



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