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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 03/07/2013, 00.00

    BANGLADESH

    Islamic party wants to expel minorities, reunify with Pakistan

    Nozrul Islam

    Strikes (hartal) and acts of violence continue across the country, especially against Hindus. Fears are growing among Buddhists, Christians and tribal communities. The Bangladesh Nationalist Party joins Jamaat-e-islami seeking the fall of the government. Islamist blogs provide instructions on how to sabotage railway lines, disrupt demonstrations and attack police.

    Dhaka (AsiaNews) - Acts of violence, especially against Bangladesh's Hindu minority, and strikes (hartal) continue across the country as Jamaat-e-Islami supporters call for reunification with Pakistan, and the creation of a "pure" state, free of its non-Muslim population.

    Since unrest began more than a week ago, 87 people have died-mostly police and peaceful protesters. The atmosphere is increasingly tense after the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP), the country's main opposition party, decided to throw its support behind Jamaat and call for an end of war tribunals set up by the ruling Awami League. In addition, the BNP has called for the death penalty imposed on Jamaat's deputy chief Delwar Hossain Sayeedi to be dropped, and for the government to resign.

    For Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, leader of the Awami League, opposition demands are unacceptable because they would mean her defeat.

    However, Jamaat appears bent on pursuing its agenda come what may. With the BNP on its side, it does not seem willing to stop its terror strategy. In fact, it has begun handing out weapons to women and children to "save Islam and its soul from danger".

    Well-organised, the Islamic party has a large pool of supporters. On a number of blogs, many of them are openly calling for reunification with Pakistan and the expulsion of Hindus, atheists and Christians. Instructions are also provided on how to sabotage railway lines, attack security forces, and cause unrest during strikes.

    Some of the suggestions are quite "creative". For example, on one site instructions are given on how to generate pictures using the photo of death-row leader Sayeedi against the background of a full moon. Waved as if they were real thing, the pictures have been used the stress the urgency to save him and avoid going to hell. In other touched up photos showing people floating in the air, radiant faces, jinn (spirits) and angels are presented as supporting the Muslim revolt.

    As the country's largest minority (9.6 per cent), Hindus have been the main target until now. What is more, most witnesses in the war crimes trials have been Hindus.1

    The latest wave of attacks also suggest that other religious (Buddhist and Christian) and ethnic (tribal) minorities might be the next to be targeted, as was the case in the past.

    In fact, police recently arrested a group of Muslim fundamentalists that planned to kill ten teachers at an Ahmadiyya school. Ahmadis are a Muslim religious group deemed heretical by mainstream Islam.

    It is unclear what will happen now, but there are growing fears that things might get out of hand. Shahbagh, a secular-oriented non-political movement named after a Dhaka neighbourhood, continues its peaceful protests and initiatives, but is losing popularity. What appeared to be local movement inspired by the 'Arab spring' is becoming increasingly isolated and is seen as nothing but an ally of the Awami League.

    Various political parties, including small factions within the Islamic party, have called for dialogue, but no one has yet said on what terms.

    Meanwhile, Jamaat appears to be getting stronger. Although it lacks the right numbers, it has been backed by a stronger ally, the BNP, something that makes the situation even worse.

    Should the BNP back away from Jamaat, it would likely allow the Awami League to win the next elections, something that might not be on BNP leader Khaleda Zia's agenda.


    Although exact figures do not exist, Bangladesh's War of Liberation in 1971 is said to have caused the death of up to 1.5 million civilians. At least 200,000 women were raped, mostly Hindu. About 60 per cent of all Bangladeshi refugees in India were Hindu.

     

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    See also

    05/05/2016 13:22:00 BANGLADESH
    Bangladeshi Supreme Court sentences leader of the Jamaat-e-Islami to death

    Motiur Rahman Nizami is charged with committing war crimes, genocide, rape and premeditated massacre of intellectuals. At the time, during the liberation war in 1971, he was the leader of the party’s  student wing. His execution is scheduled in a few days, unless the president pardons him. Catholic Source: "Sentence is politically motivated, but the criminal is not innocent." The abandonment of the old leaders by the new political generation.



    21/08/2013 BANGLADESH
    More violence feared as Bangladesh teeters on the brink of a political crisis
    New round of elections at year’s end. For analysts and opposition, the climate is too tense, a transitional government is needed to prepare the country to vote. But the prime minister abolished it in 2011. The minority parties threaten to boycott vote.

    21/12/2006 BANGLADESH
    Country at a standstill a month from the elections
    Another general strike paralyses Dhaka. Opposition Awami League continues demanding reforms and threatening boycott in January 22, 2007, elections. Crisis was long in the making.

    08/01/2007 BANGLADESH
    Army calls for greater power ahead of elections to cope with ongoing political crisis
    It is the second day of opposition protest against caretaker government. Country is paralysed as tens of people are injured and arrested in Dhaka. President Iajuddin is unwilling to give in as the military seek extensive powers and the United Nations puts on the breaks.

    15/04/2014 CHINA
    Party and military setting up local offices to monitor and protect soldiers
    After two senior military leaders are arrested, central authorities set up special agencies to monitor military rights. Heads of political and law commissions at county, city and provincial levels will lead the groups.



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