30 September 2016
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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 09/19/2014, 00.00

    IRAQ

    Mosul, the Islamic State "bans Christians from school"



    Archbishop Nona tells AsiaNews, an entire "generation is in danger of not being educated". The schools turned into shelters, cannot accommodate lessons. The Church is racing against the clock to find housing, but only a fraction of the institutions will be able to resume activities. In the city and Nineveh plain population is increasingly hostile to the Islamist militias, 98% want "their expulsion."

    Ankawa (AsiaNews) - For the first time in history, Iraqi Christians who always had a "high standard of education" in the region, are being deprived of the right to study and cannot attend schools. This represents a further threat to the survival of the minority, not only in Iraq but throughout the Middle East, because there is not the risk that an entire generation "will not be educated", which is a "very bad sign".  The warning  comes from Msgr. Shimoun Emil Nona, Chaldean Archbishop of Mosul, in the north, the second most important city in the country and first city to fall into the hands of the militia of the Islamic State.

    Interviewed by AsiaNews, the prelate confirms that "currently children from many of the refugee families" as well as "children who live in Christian areas" cannot start the school year. "There are about 700 schools scattered between Erbil, Ankawa and Zakkho - he explains - but they are hosting displaced people and are full. In other non-Christian areas  the lessons have begun, but not here". Moreover in the areas occupied by the Islamic Caliphate  the curriculum has been changed to promote Islam and the Koran.

    Msgr. Nona was the first to raise the alarm of the danger posed by the advance of the Islamists after the conquest of Mosul, where about 500 thousand people - Muslims and Christians - fled in early June to avoid being forced to convert to Islam.  It was also where the militants founded their caliphate and imposed sharia. In cities and in areas on the Nineveh plain that are under the control of the Islamic State schools have reopened. However, under the instruction of their leader the curriculum has changed to ban history, geography and literature; students must study Arabic and the Muslim religion and are forbidden to speak of the Republic of Iraq or Syria, only of the Caliphate.

    An Mosul elementary school teacher of mathematics and Arabic states that "we are in 2014, but it seems have regressed 14 centuries." 95% of the 2,450 schools in the area - Mosul and Nineveh Plain - are in the hands of the Islamists, who have forbidden mixed classes and have closed the Faculty of Law, because "conventional law is no longer in force." Rigid rules, imposed by force, are increasingly arousing the impatience of the local population. If at first people saw them as liberators from a central government (under former Shiite Prime Minister al-Maliki) regarded as the oppressor, today 98% of the people - as reported by an academic in Mosul - "would like to see them gone as soon as possible" .

    The archbishop of Mosul, who is also a refugee Ankawa, in Iraqi Kurdistan, cannot confirm this radical change of attitude towards the Islamic state and the distortion of the curriculum at the hands of the militia. He admits however, to "having heard similar rumors", and there is a good chance that "they are true." There are still some Christians in the city, but "very few" who live "isolated" and "in danger" because "anything could happen to them".

    Msgr. Nona asks us to pray for a situation "which is growing more dramatic with every passing day" especially with the arrival of winter.  This interruption in the schooling of young Christians is a serious problem, because it halts the development of an entire generation of Iraqi Christians, who in the past have always been distinguished for their cultural level and standard of schooling. "It is very negative" says the bishop, and "very dangerous".

    In the history of community, education has always been an "important anchor for us," says the Archbishop of Mosul, and as a Church "we are trying to rent as many homes as possible" to free schools and allow the resumption of classes . However, the operation is "very slow, because it is not always possible to find homes or housing is unavailable." Concluding, the prelate says however that there are some small signs of hope, "we rented a building with 56 apartments - he says - that can accommodate all the families who, at this time, are housed in a school in  Ankawa" . Only one out of 11, he adds, while the goal is "free up at least two or three more." (DS)

     

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    See also

    03/03/2016 19:13:00 IRAQ
    Without a home or job, conditions for Mosul refugees is getting worse, Erbil priest says

    Many families have been forced to go back to tents because they cannot affor the rend for a house. Jobs are scarce, and even those who have one are often not paid. Going home to Mosul and the Nineveh Plain is increasingly remote. Lent celebrations bring a sense of community. Little Miriam’s story and the value of forgiveness offer important lessons. Fr Jalal Yako, who runs a refugee camp near Erbil, talks about his work.



    07/04/2016 13:24:00 IRAQ
    Easter among the refugees from Mosul (photo gallery)


    23/03/2016 15:01:00 IRAQ
    Easter solidarity: from Mosul refugees to the poorest families

    Don Paul Thabit Mekko, in charge of the refugee camp "Eyes of Erbil" speaks of Holy Week. The community organizes fundraising and money to be donated to the poorest Christian and Muslim families. The desire to revive traditions and songs of native villages, praying to one day return to their homes. The community keeps hope alive.



    15/01/2015 IRAQ
    Alqosh: a frontier church, stronger than the threat of the Islamic State
    Fr. Joseph, superior general "pro tempore" of the monastery of Our Lady of Messi, chronicles the life of a “frontier” Christian community. The town has welcomed hundreds of refugees; every day it battles the "fear" of an attack of the Caliphate. In the Nativity Scene photos of Msgr. Rahho and Fr. Ganni, to remember their "martyrdom". But the will is to remain.

    28/08/2015 VATICAN - IRAQ
    Fr. Samir of Amadiya: The Pope is the voice of Iraqi refugees
    The Chaldean priest met Pope Francis, asking him to keep the world’s focus on Christian refugees from Mosul and the Nineveh Plain. His diocese is home to 3500 Christian families and almost half a million Yazidis who fled Islamic State violence. ISIS is not all Islam and there are Muslims who want an Iraq of coexistence. Christians might not emigrate, but remain in their own land. Aid projects for refugees: school for children, work for adults, a home for every family. An appeal to AsiaNews.



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