30 September, 2014 AsiaNews.it Twitter AsiaNews.it Facebook            

Help AsiaNews | About us | P.I.M.E. | | RssNewsletter | Mobile





mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato
e-mail this to a friend printable version


» 07/09/2012
EGYPT
President Morsi reinstates parliament dissolved by military
Fears are growing of a power struggle between the military and the Muslim Brotherhood. Signed last night, the legality of the presidential decree is questioned. Parliament could meet tomorrow. Marshal Tantawi calls emergency meeting of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces.

Cairo (AsiaNews) - Mohammed Morsi, Egypt's newly elected president, has challenged the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF). In a presidential decree signed last night, he overturned SCAF's decision to dissolve parliament in response to a ruling by the Supreme Constitutional Court.

At present, the latter has not yet reacted to the presidential move, but SCAF is set to meet in an emergency meeting. The Islamist-controlled parliament is also expected to meet tomorrow, local sources reported. Its proceedings will be legal until fresh parliamentary elections are held in September.

In Egyptian media, the legality of the president's move is hotly debated. Many now fear an open showdown between the military and supporters of the Mubarak regime against the Muslim Brotherhood, winner of the elections to the dissolved parliament.

In public at least, Morsi and SCAF chief Marshal Tantawi appeared at ease with each other. Both attended military manoeuvres, talking and laughing.

For various analysts, the president's decree is an open challenge to the SCAF, and might be the beginning of a power struggle between the two centres of power.

"It all depends on whether the SCAF was acting in its legislative capacity-which the military council assumed upon the dissolution of parliament last month-or whether it was relying on its executive power in its capacity as acting president," Aly Shalakany, partner at the Cairo-based Shalakany Law Firm, told Ahram Online.

If the SCAF dissolved parliament's lower house in its executive capacity, Morsi would have the constitutional powers to reverse previous executive decisions, including the SCAF's resolution dissolving parliament. However, the transitional constitution adopted in March 2011 is not clear whether the president has full powers.

"According to Article 25 of the Constitutional Declaration, the president is not granted sub-point 2 of Article 56, which includes 'approving or implementing public policy,' a very broad term," Shalakany explained. "It could be argued that Morsi's revocation of the SCAF decree affects public policy-an action he cannot do."

In mid-June, the Supreme Constitutional Court overturned the outcome of a third of seats in the People's Assembly of Egypt (lower house) elected in January (dominated by the Muslim Brotherhood and Salafists) because certain parts of the election law were unconstitutional.

This gave SCAF, which has ruled Egypt since the fall of Hosni Mubarak, an opportunity to dissolve the People's Assembly and seized legislative power. Islamist groups, especially the Brotherhood, have cried foul, accusing the military of carrying out a coup.

Following his election, Morsi could not take his oath of office before parliament but had to do it in front of the Supreme Constitutional Court, which had caused the latter's dissolution. As part of the ceremony, the new president had to swear to uphold the decisions of the courts, including the highest court of the land.


e-mail this to a friend printable version

See also
04/13/2012 EGYPT
Muslim Brotherhood and Salafists bar former Mubarak regime officials
11/22/2011 EGYPT
Egypt in the eye of the storm. Today the "march of a million" against the Military Council
01/25/2012 EGYPT
Tahrir Square flooded by people who want to continue the Jasmine Revolution
11/21/2011 EGYPT
Egypt: Military confirms elections will take place November 28
03/27/2014 EGYPT - ISLAM
In last appearance in uniform, Gen. al-Sisi announces candidacy for president

Editor's choices
IRAQ-VATICAN
"Adopt a Christian from Mosul": Archbishops’ thanks as first aid arrives
by Amel NonaMsgr. Amel Nona, the Chaldean Archbishop of Mosul, who is also a refugee himself, thanks all the donors to the AsiaNews campaign. The situation is increasingly difficult given the huge number of refugees and the arrival of winter and snow, making outdoor shelters and tents impossible. The crisis, an occasion that activates the faith of Christians.
ITALY - IRAQ
After raising € 350,000, 'Adopt a Christian from Mosul' campaign continues
by Bernardo CervelleraDonations raised up to 31 August have been sent to the patriarch of Baghdad and the bishops of Kurdistan. The campaign helps to feed, house, clothe, and bring comfort to more than 150,000 Christian, Yazidi, Turkmen, Shia and Sunni refugees who fled the violence of the army of the Islamic Caliphate. People in Italy and around the world have been generous, including the poor and the unemployed, a sign of hope for the world as well as those who suffer and those who give.
IRAQ-ITALY
"Adopt a Christian from Mosul," the thanks of the Patriarch Louis Sako; the concerns of the Bishop of Kurdistan
by Bernardo CervelleraThe head of the Chaldean Church is grateful for the AsiaNews campaign and hopes that "this chain of solidarity will reach far and wide”. Helping refugees to remain in Iraq. But many want to flee abroad. The bishop of Amadiyah where thousands of displaced people have found haven in churches and homes: We also help the Arabs (Muslims), and Yazidis, for free and without looking at our confessional differences.

Dossier
by Giulio Aleni / (a cura di) Gianni Criveller
pp. 176
by Lazzarotto Angelo S.
pp. 528
by Bernardo Cervellera
pp. 240
Copyright © 2003 AsiaNews C.F. 00889190153 All rights reserved. Content on this site is made available for personal, non-commercial use only. You may not reproduce, republish, sell or otherwise distribute the content or any modified or altered versions of it without the express written permission of the editor. Photos on AsiaNews.it are largely taken from the internet and thus considered to be in the public domain. Anyone contrary to their publication need only contact the editorial office which will immediately proceed to remove the photos.