18 March 2018
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  • » 10/18/2004, 00.00


    Pressure mounts for release of Zhao Ziyang

    New York (AsiaNews) – According to the organization Human Rights in China (HRIC) , a concerted campaign is mounting in China for the release of former Party General Secretary Zhao Ziyang, who was purged from his position and has been living under house arrest since the official crackdown against the Chinese Democracy Movement in June 1989.

    In the past three days large groups of people have been gathering outside of Zhao's Beijing home, requesting permission to see him. The groups, which range in size from a dozen to upwards of 100 people, seem to be made up largely of Zhao's former subordinates and his close friends and relatives. While Zhao's home has in recent years been constantly surrounded by police, security seems to have been reduced more recently, and some of the people waiting outside have been allowed to register their names and gain admittance to Zhao's home. A relative of Zhao living in the United States telephoned him to confirm these reports, but Zhao said that little has actually changed, and the people he would really like to see are not being allowed to see him.

    Zhao Ziyang was the most senior official to be purged in connection with the 1989 crackdown. A proponent of political reform, Zhao believed that the establishment of democracy could avoid the repetition of disastrous events such as the Cultural Revolution. On May 19, 1989, Zhao tearfully begged student protesters to leave Tiananmen Square. That was the last time he was seen in public. The Chinese government declared martial law the next day, and violently suppressed the movement on June 3-4. Zhao, living under house arrest ever since, marks his 85th birthday on October 17 and is reported to be in frail health.   

    A growing number of former officials and dissident intellectuals have begun organizing a number of activities to mark Zhao Ziyang's birthday and call for his release. These activities include:

    • Articles posted on the Internet by writers such as former officials Bao Tong and Bao Zhunxin, and overseas activists such as Su Shaozhi, Yu Haocheng, Chen Yizi, Yan Jiaqi, Zhang Wei and Wu Guoguang;

    • A letter to the Chinese government calling for Zhao's personal freedom to be restored, which China scholars Andrew Nathan and Perry Link are circulating among the overseas academic community;   

    • An online petition collecting signatures in China and abroad calling for Zhao to be released from house arrest.  


    Anyone who wants to sign HRIC's online birthday card to Zhao Ziyang should send an e-mail to the following address: Zhaoziyang85@yahoo.com. (Please put "Birthday Wishes" in the subject line.)


    NB: the photo shows Zhao Ziyang speaking to the students in Tiananmen square in 1989. At Zhao's left side there is present Prime Minister Wen Jiabao.

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    See also

    17/01/2005 china
    Reformist Communist Party leader Zhao Ziyang dies

    17/01/2005 CHINA
    The dissident of Tiananmen: Zhao Ziyang's courage and the Party's fear

    The government is trying to uproot his memory, but China needs his democratic proposals.

    17/01/2005 CHINA
    Zhao Ziyang, a prophet for today's China

    His proposal to match economic with political reforms is still a valid one. Zhao is also remembered for having reopened Catholic churches and for having given religious freedom.

    15/05/2009 CHINA
    Zhao Ziyang’s memoirs reveal new “secrets” about the Tiananmen Square massacre
    Zhao describes how party hardliners took advantage of Deng Xiaoping’s paranoia to prevent dialogue with students and get the army involved. Beijing responds to book release with an embarrassed silence.

    02/06/2006 CHINA
    Zhao Ziyang wrote the party asking for freedom
    The former general secretary, who spent 15 years under house arrest for his opposition to the Tiananmen massacre, asked to be freed several times but never got an answer.

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