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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 04/26/2012, 00.00

    SRI LANKA

    Sri Lanka, Buddhist destruction of a mosque halted

    Melani Manel Perera

    For days, monks and lay Buddhists have called for the demolition of a Hindu temple and a mosque built in the sacred area of Dambulla. According to the followers of Buddha, the places of worship were built illegally. Criticism from the Catholic, Muslim and Hindu world: "An insult to all Buddhists in the country." Golden Temple, Unesco World Heritage Site and one of the major Buddhist temples in the world also located in the area.

    Colombo (AsiaNews) - The mosque and the Hindu temple of Dambulla that arise in the sacred can not be destroyed the Minister for the Territory, Janaka Bandara Tennakoon, announced today in an attempt to quell the violent protests involving Buddhists, Muslims and Hindus, and likely to create tensions in Sri Lanka. It all started last April 20 when nearly two thousand Buddhists - monks and lay people - attacked the mosque, interrupting the Friday prayer. Throwing rocks and chanting slogans, the protesters claimed that the area of Dambulla is sacred to Buddhism, and can not tolerate religious activities of other faiths.

    In an attempt to quell the protests, on April 23 the Sri Lankan Minister of Religious Affairs announced the demolition of the mosque and Hindu temple, in order to make the area "sacred city" within the next six months. The Venerable Nayaka Thero Inaamaluwe Sri Sumangala, the Monk who leads the Golden Temple of Dambulla, welcomed "with satisfaction" the first move by the government. According to the bonze, in fact, for millennia the area belongs to the Buddhists, and Muslims and Hindus constructed their buildings for worship illegally. The Muslims of the area, however, claim that the mosque was built on a regular basis, 50 years before the area was proclaimed a holy place.

    The Buddhist protests - and the initial reaction of the government -  sparked great controversy in Sri Lanka, not only from Muslims. For Anton Marcus, Catholic co-secretary of the Free Trade Zones and General Services Employees Union, it was "a brutal and shameful attack and a huge insult to all the Buddhists in the country," because "led by Buddhist monks. " And even if something is illegal, he added, "it must be resolved in a democratic process."

    A group of "concerned citizens" appealed "to President Rajapaksa and the authorities" to "curb this growing climate of intolerance. We really believe that people of this country, Sinhalese, Tamil, Muslim, Burgher and Christians want to live in harmony with each other. "

    According to Karu Jayasuriya, deputy of the opposition United National Party, "the government has failed to evaluate the situation, confusing a request with an order, especially in a sensitive area" such as a religious one.

    The Golden Temple of Dambulla is situated in the central part of the country, 148 km east of Colombo and 72 km north of Kandy. Completely carved in rock, the temple consists of five caves (hence the nickname "Temple of Caves"), whose walls are covered with paintings depicting the Buddha and other deities. In them there is also a collection of 157 statues depicting Buddha, Three Kings of Sri Lanka and four of the Hindu deity Vishnu and Ganesha. The temple is UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1991.

     

     

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    See also

    29/01/2011 SRI LANKA
    Sri Lanka: Religious leaders condemn attack on Buddhist Maha Bodhi Temple
    Attack on four monks and damage to temple can not be attributed to guerrilla groups or to members of the LTTE. Representatives of all religions call for calm, to continue to live "as one family."

    17/07/2008 CAMBODIA - THAILAND
    Dialogue begun, troops amassed at temple of Preah Vihar
    Hundreds of soldiers from the two sides continue to arrive at the contested temple, although both sides say the measures are merely defensive. Tension is high and the Thai police have stopped a group going to the temple to protest. A "cordial" telephone call between the two prime ministers.

    29/10/2008 CAMBODIA - THAILAND
    Cambodia, one of Asia's poorest countries, doubles military spending
    It's about 25% of the new budget. The intention is to match up better against Thailand in the dispute over the temple of Preah Vihear, a World Heritage site. Meanwhile, recent fighting has caused damage to the 900-year-old sculptures.

    29/07/2008 CAMBODIA – THAILAND
    Cambodia and Thailand to pull back 1,200 troops from Preah Vihear
    No results come from a day of talks; a solution seems faraway. Troop reduction is a good step, but if impasse persists the United Nations might step in.

    25/03/2009 CAMBODIA – THAILAND
    Preah Vihear temple raises Thai-Cambodian tensions
    After last October’s clashes, which left four soldiers dead, the movement of 100 Thai troops into the disputed area causes alarm. Both governments try to downplay the incident.



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