23 October, 2014 AsiaNews.it Twitter AsiaNews.it Facebook            

Help AsiaNews | About us | P.I.M.E. | | RssNewsletter | Mobile





mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato
e-mail this to a friend printable version


» 03/30/2011
MYANMAR
Than Shwe dissolves military junta as Thein Sein becomes Burmese president
The new head of state will preside over a 30-member cabinet. North Korea, China and Iran send messages of well wishes. What role Than Shwe will play remains unclear; for 20 years, he ran the country.

Yangon (AsiaNews/Agencies) – Senior General Than Shwe “officially dissolved” the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC), the military junta than ran Myanmar in a dictatorial manner for the past 20 years. Former Prime Minister and top General Thein Sein is the new president. He will head the new government formed by the majority party, the Union Solidarity and Development Party (UDSP). The swearing-in ceremony was held this morning in the capital Naypyidaw during a session of parliament. Various Asian nations, including China and North Korea, sent messages of well wishes to the new government. For Aung San Suu Kyi, what is happening is a “parody of democracy”, one that is “worse than dictatorship”.

Myanmar state TV announced today that Senior General Than Shwe had "officially dissolved” the SPDC after the country swore in its new government.

An anonymous official said that General Min Aung Hlaing was present at Thein Sein’s investiture, and is set to replace Than Shwe as commander of the armed forces.

The new president, Thein Sein, 65, presented his 30-member cabinet, most of who are former military officers. Hla Min is the new Defence minister. Ko Ko is the new minister for Home Affairs. Thein Htay will run two ministries, Border Affairs and National Industrial Development.

However, under the constitution adopted in 2008 in the middle of the emergency caused by cyclone Nargis and under a cloud of vote rigging allegations, the commander-in-chief of the armed forces has the authority to appoint the ministers of Defence, Home Affairs, and Border Affairs.

Sources in Myanmar said that General Min Aung Hlaing would be the new Commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces (Tatmadaw) in replacement of Than Shwe.

Doubts persist over the senior general’s role in the new system. Some analysts believe that the strongman of the country formerly known as Burma will hold the real power with a small group of people through a “Supreme Council”. Like North Korea’s Kim Jong-il, he will be the de facto leader of the country, whilst President Thein Sein will be de jure head of state like North Korea’s Kim Yong Nam. Others argue that he will continue to lead the nation without any formal position.

The swearing in of the new government was met with messages of well wishes from China, North Korea, Nepal, Bangladesh, Cuba, Palestine, Saudi Arabia and Iran.

The ceremony also marked the end of the first session of the new parliament, which was officially inaugurated on 31 January but is expected to resume only at the end of the year.


e-mail this to a friend printable version

See also
01/25/2010 MYANMAR
Aung San Suu Kyi released at end of her sentence in November, Myanmar minister says
01/25/2011 MYANMAR
Yangon: Aung San Suu Kyi challenges censorship, promotes opposition online
05/03/2010 MYANMAR
Aung San Suu Kyi’s party now illegal
10/01/2010 MYANMAR
Senior General Than Shwe to decide “if and when” Aung San Suu Kyi is freed
03/11/2010 MYANMAR
Junta cancels 1990 election results as archbishop of Yangon urges people to pray for Myanmar

Editor's choices
IRAQ - ITALY
Almost 700,000 euros raised as the 'Adopt a Christian from Mosul' campaign continues
by Bernardo CervelleraA second instalment is sent with funds raised in September. The fate of East-West relations is being played out in the Middle East and Iraq. Pope Francis and the Synod issue an appeal. Governments are lukewarm. Aid is coming from around the world. A new international community is defeating the "globalisation of indifference."
IRAQ-VATICAN
"Adopt a Christian from Mosul": Archbishops’ thanks as first aid arrives
by Amel NonaMsgr. Amel Nona, the Chaldean Archbishop of Mosul, who is also a refugee himself, thanks all the donors to the AsiaNews campaign. The situation is increasingly difficult given the huge number of refugees and the arrival of winter and snow, making outdoor shelters and tents impossible. The crisis, an occasion that activates the faith of Christians.
ITALY - IRAQ
After raising € 350,000, 'Adopt a Christian from Mosul' campaign continues
by Bernardo CervelleraDonations raised up to 31 August have been sent to the patriarch of Baghdad and the bishops of Kurdistan. The campaign helps to feed, house, clothe, and bring comfort to more than 150,000 Christian, Yazidi, Turkmen, Shia and Sunni refugees who fled the violence of the army of the Islamic Caliphate. People in Italy and around the world have been generous, including the poor and the unemployed, a sign of hope for the world as well as those who suffer and those who give.

Dossier

by Giulio Aleni / (a cura di) Gianni Criveller
pp. 176
Copyright © 2003 AsiaNews C.F. 00889190153 All rights reserved. Content on this site is made available for personal, non-commercial use only. You may not reproduce, republish, sell or otherwise distribute the content or any modified or altered versions of it without the express written permission of the editor. Photos on AsiaNews.it are largely taken from the internet and thus considered to be in the public domain. Anyone contrary to their publication need only contact the editorial office which will immediately proceed to remove the photos.