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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 04/26/2011, 00.00

    SRI LANKA - UN

    UN publishes report on war crimes. Colombo protests



    Over 40 thousand civilians killed in bombings and military prisoners executed with a shot to the head, women raped. The document ordered by Ban Ki-moon paints a hellish picture of the final stages of the ethnic conflict. Despite pressure from the Government of Sri Lanka to prevent publication.

    Colombo (AsiaNews / Agencies) - The United Nations today released the report which accuses the government of Sri Lanka of the murder of thousands of civilians, during the final stages of the conflict in 2009. Sri Lanka and the allied countries have exerted great pressure in vain to prevent the spread of the document. In particular, it cites an Air Force bombing of vast proportions, which would have killed more than 40 thousand people. Since its announcement, the Sri Lankan government has rejected the controversial report, commissioned by UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, and attempted to block publishing "to avoid damage to the reconciliation efforts underway in the country," as reported in an official statement.

    The UN report paints a hellish picture of life in Vanni, the largest area in the northern province (including the districts of Mannar, Mullaitivu, Vavuniya and part of Kilinochchi) the so-called "no-fire zone" where 330 thousand civilian prisoners were trapped: prisoners gunned down, women raped, the tortured bodies of children. The report also accuses the Tamil Tiger rebels (LTTE) of using civilians as human shields during the military airstrikes. According to UN experts, those contained in the document are "credible allegations, if proved, that both the Government of Sri Lanka and the members of the LTTE committed a large number of serious violations of human and international rights. Some of them would qualify as war crimes and crimes against humanity. "

    Ban Ki-moon said that the purpose of the report is to urge the government to admit an official and formal recognition of its responsibility for civilian casualties in the final stages of the conflict in 2009. He added that he has no authority to launch an international inquiry into possible war crimes, without the authorization of the Sri Lankan Government, or the formal request of members of the United Nations.

    The document was prepared after collecting the evidence for 10 months. Its publication has been postponed several times because of pressure from the Government of Sri Lanka, that wanted – it claimed - to avoid causing "irreparable damage" to the process of reconciliation in the country. The spokesman for Ban Ki-moon has defended the decision to publish the report as "a question of transparency in the wider public interest." The Sri Lankan government had received a full copy of the document already on 12 April, together with the repeated proposal - also rejected by Colombo - to publish an official replica of the government together with the UN document.

    The first to denounce the government of Sri Lanka to have committed war crimes were the Journalists for Democracy in Sri Lanka (JDS), a group of Sri Lankan journalists in exile, Sinhalese and Tamil. Through their website (http://www.jdslanka.org/ ), the JDs have posted a series of short films. The videos show executions perpetrated by the military, as well as acts of violence of various kinds.

    For the complete text of the UN click here

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    See also

    28/04/2011 SRI LANKA
    Christians welcome UN criticism and need to learn from the atrocities of war
    Executions, torture, mutilation, operations without anesthesia and child soldiers: 25 figures of note have drawn up a document containing eyewitness accounts of victims of the war of 2002-2009. The stories confirm the findings of the UN report, much opposed by the government in Colombo.

    13/02/2009 CAMBODIA
    Cambodia puts Khmer Rouge on trial. First defendant is "Comrade Duch"
    Proceedings begin on February 17 against the commander of the S-21 prison. More than 17,000 Cambodians died there between 1975 and 1979. The main witness is one of the seven survivors of the massacre: in his paintings, he has depicted the atrocities he witnessed. It is the first trial against figures of the regime, but the outcome is unclear.

    16/09/2009 ISRAEL - PALESTINE
    UN: Israel and Hamas guilty of war crimes in Gaza
    Israeli army and Palestinian militants also accused of "crimes against humanity." The report will be presented later this month to the UN Commission on Human Rights. Within six months, if the two authorities do not carry out investigations, the allegations will be presented to the International Criminal Court. For Israel the report is "one-sided" for Hamas "not objective".

    22/03/2012 SRI LANKA
    UNHRC resolution on Sri Lanka war crimes approved
    The motion is adopted with 24 votes in favour, 15 against and 8 abstentions. Across the country, thousands of Buddhists, Hindus, Muslims and Christians protest against the decision. Interfaith activities are planned to back the government.

    17/09/2015 SRI LANKA
    UN war crimes report confirms the abuses of former President Rajapaksa
    Foreign minister announces an independent commission of inquiry. For Catholic priest, the government has “waited far too long.” Political prisoners “must be released,” and the government has an obligation to answer now, not tomorrow." Religions are important for reconstruction.



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