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mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato
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» 11/15/2012
CHINA
Xi Jinping elected head of Chinese Communist Party
by Wang Zhicheng
He will lead the new Politburo Standing Committee, with seven people (not nine). Hu Jintao also hands over the direction of the Central Military Commission. The new leadership group is very close to Jiang Zemin, head of the "Shanghai Gang". Xi Jinping enhances the role of the Party to ensure a "better life" for the people, a "stronger" nation, a "more powerful” China.

Beijing (AsiaNews) - Without much surprise, this morning Xi Jinping was elected the new secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in the first session of the new Central Committee. He will be the head of the new Politburo Standing Committee, which includes the names of the vice-premier Li Keqiang, who in March will become the new prime minister; Zhang Dejiang, who studied in North Korea; Yu Zhengsheng, Party chief in Shanghai, Liu Yunshan , propaganda chief, Wang Qishan, from the Disciplinary Committee; Zhang Gaoli, party chief in Tianjin.

Wang Yang, party secretary of Guangdong, considered a reformer, Li Yuanchao, head of organization and Liu Yandong, woman, believed Hu's ally succeeded in being named to the Central Committee, but not the permanent Committee.

However, the new composition of the Standing Committee does not present many surprises: their names had long been on media lists and in discussions among members of the party.

As expected, the number of members of the Standing Committee is now seven, the previous one was nine. The official reason is that fewer numbers will facilitate the unity of the group, under the leadership of Xi. Most of them are part of the so-called "princelings," the children of former high ranking Party members, who gained political and economic power thanks to their backgrounds.

At least four of them are linked to the so-called "Shanghai clique" led by 86-year-old Jiang Zemin, Hu Jintao's predecessor, who is still very influential and supports economic modernization, favours state capitalism, facilitating state-owned industries and is a strong supporter of the Party's leadership and monopoly of power.

In his meeting with reporters, Xi Jinping stressed that the party is facing many challenges, especially corruption, being distant from the people and too much bureaucracy. He promised "every effort" to solve problems, asking the Party to "be alert" to ensure "a better life" for the people, a "stronger" and a "more powerful" China.

The election of Xi Jinping, 59, and his group marks the transition from the Fourth to the Fifth generation of leaders. For the second time in CCP history, the handover was painless and without war. This time, however, there is a surprise: as of today Hu Jintao is not only handing over party leadership to Xi Jinping, but also the direction of the Central Military Commission (CMC). His predecessor Jiang Zemin - and before him Deng Xiaoping - had wanted to keep the leadership of the CMC for two years. It is unclear whether this move was forced on Hu - a sign of a further weakening of his faction - or if he wanted to set an example to the whole Party withdrawing from all charges once his mandate had ended.

In the Hu decade, China has seen a surprising economic development, overtaking Germany and Japan in the world's economies, but this development was marked by problems of imbalance, a growing gap between rich and poor, pollution and massive social unrest.


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See also
09/08/2004 CHINA
Jiang Zemin said to step down: a new beginning for China?
02/20/2008 CHINA
Growing debate within Communist Party over democratic reforms
09/22/2004 china
The "new" Hu Jintao era begins
by Bernardo Cervellera
09/19/2004 china
Xinhua: Jiang Zemin has stepped down
09/11/2012 CHINA
Xi Jinping absent for 10 days: illness, purge or attack
by Wang Zhicheng

Editor's choices
IRAQ-ITALY
"Adopt a Christian from Mosul," the thanks of the Patriarch Louis Sako; the concerns of the Bishop of Kurdistan
by Bernardo CervelleraThe head of the Chaldean Church is grateful for the AsiaNews campaign and hopes that "this chain of solidarity will reach far and wide”. Helping refugees to remain in Iraq. But many want to flee abroad. The bishop of Amadiyah where thousands of displaced people have found haven in churches and homes: We also help the Arabs (Muslims), and Yazidis, for free and without looking at our confessional differences.
ITALY - IRAQ
"Adopt a Christian from Mosul" to respond directly to Iraq's emergencyAsiaNews is launching a fundraiser to support Christians targeted by the Islamic State, thus responding to a request by the Patriarch of Baghdad and Pope Francis's urgent appeal "to guarantee all necessary assistance - especially the most urgently needed aid - to the great multitude of people who have been driven from their homes, whose fate depends entirely on the solidarity of others." More than 100,000 people have been forced to flee their homes leaving everything behind and now have nothing to live on. To help them, five euros a day are enough. The funds raised will be sent to the Patriarchate of Baghdad, which will distribute them according to the needs of each family.
CHINA - VATICAN
Wenzhou bishop and priests slam government's campaign against crosses and churches in Zhejiang
by Eugenia ZhangFor Mgr Vincent Zhu Weifang, from the official Church, the campaign of destruction is increasing social instability. It is real persecution against the Christian faith. The bishop apologises for failing to intervene sooner. He was hoping that the campaign would end quickly. Catholics and Protestants suffer injuries as they attempt to defend their sacred buildings. For priests in Wenzhou, the campaign is unfair and touches buildings that have all the right papers. Such "stupid acts" by the government are undermining social harmony.

Dossier
by Giulio Aleni / (a cura di) Gianni Criveller
pp. 176
by Lazzarotto Angelo S.
pp. 528
by Bernardo Cervellera
pp. 240
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