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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 02/25/2012, 00.00

    SYRIA

    "Friends of Syria" arm rebels and sanction Assad



    The opposition confirms receiving arms from Western countries. Saudi Arabia decides to arm the rebels and overthrow Assad. France, Great Britain, the United States are pushing for a resolution of the UN Security Council. Hamas sides with the opposition, for an "Islamic Syria". Damascus declares that the Tunis meeting supports "terrorism". Tomorrow the referendum for new constitution.

    Tunis (AsiaNews / Agencies) - The "Friends of Syria" group that gathered nearly 60 nations in a hotel in Tunis, has publicly agreed to step up sanctions against the regime of Bashar Assad, demanding "an immediate end to violence" and the opening of humanitarian channels. But Saudi Arabia and Qatar have also decided on military support for the opposition, already a reality albeit in a hidden way.

    In a final statement, the group decided to step up sanctions against Damascus such as "a ban on travel by members of the regime, freezing their assets, a block Syrian purchases of hydrocarbons, reduction of diplomatic ties with the Syrian regime. " The group also supports the Arab League's proposal for the deployment of an Arab force with UN blue helmets "to keep the peace" and recognizes the Syrian National Council (NSC) as the "legitimate representative of the Syrians who seek a peaceful democratic change", but calls on it to increase its representativeness by including other elements of Syrian society.

    The declaration also states that the group wants to provide "effective support" to the opposition, but without any further explanation of what that support is.

    In the discussion, Saud al-Faisal, the Saudi chief diplomat, said the "best" idea is to "arm the opposition" and stressed that the only solution to the Syrian crisis is to remove "willingly or by force " President Bashar Assad. Qatar instead wants "peace" imposed by force.

    Tunisian president Moncef Marzouki, supports the idea of UN peacekeepers and diplomatic efforts to "convince" Assad to step down from power, guaranteeing him and his family "judicial immunity" and a refuge in Russia.

    Some members of the Syrian opposition, however, have already admitted that the Free Syrian Army (FSA), composed of military deserters, receives weapons from neighbouring countries or buys them on the black market. Western countries are also involved in trade, content to turn a blind eye on smuggling. So far the FSA has been able to take possession of small arms, communication equipment and night vision goggles. Anti-aircraft and anti-tank weapons are urgently needed, as well as military advisers to coordinate the rebels.

    Western countries, including France, Britain and the United States, while condemning the violence of the regime in Damascus, are of the opinion that every move must be made following the UN Security Council.

    The head of the NSC, Burhan Ghalioun, has shown himself dissatisfied with the results of the meeting. He had hoped for a decision in favour of military intervention or overt support for FSA troops by the international community.

    Instead that open support has come from Hamas. Yesterday, from Cairo, Hamas leader in Gaza, Ismail Haniyeh, welcomed the Syrian people's struggle "for democracy". Until recently, Hamas has seen Damascus as their protector. Yesterday its adherents in Cairo shouted: "Neither Iran, nor Hezbollah, Islamic Syria. Assad, butcher, go away."

    The emphasis on "Islamic Syria" and the strong support of Saudi Arabia show that the tensions in Syria, born as an "Arab spring", is turning into a war for Sunni supremacy against the Shiite Iran.

    According to experts, this is one of the reasons why opposition representatives of the Syrian National Coordination Body did not attend the meeting in Tunis.

    In an attempt to broaden support for the NSC, Ghalioun has promised that "the new Syria will not be owned by any sect, denomination or group, but will be home to all citizens the same level." It has sought the support of Kurdish and Christian minorities, guaranteeing them that their rights will be respected.

    Damascus branded the Tunis meeting as a "meeting of the enemies of Syria", of "supporters of terrorism" and the "friends of America and Israel."

    Tomorrow in Syria a referendum on the new constitution is due to be held, which reduces the power of the Baath Party and the president of the republic. Given the instability in many regions of the country, it is difficult to predict a peaceful poll. (PD)

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    See also

    06/12/2011 SYRIA
    Damascus accepts Arab observers, but on conditions
    Assad has informed the Arab League of his assent to observers to monitor the situation in order to avoid a tightening of sanctions. However, he also places conditions, which the Arab countries will discuss. Today Hillary Clinton meets with opposition in Geneva.

    28/11/2011 SYRIA
    Arab League imposes sanctions to stop the killing of civilians in Syria
    The unprecedented decision freezes all economic relations between Syria and League members. Meanwhile, clashes continue: 31 civilians and 12 members of the security force killed yesterday. The Syrian regime organises demonstrations in its favour. Russia announces it will send a flotilla of warships next spring to the Syrian port of Tartus.

    14/11/2011 SYRIA
    Damascus: emergency summit and concessions to avoid Arab League suspension
    The Assad government in trouble after suspension vote, due to take effect Nov. 16. Yesterday large pro-regime demonstrations and attacks on the embassies of Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Turkey. More deaths over the weekend in clashes between security forces and opponents.

    17/02/2012 SYRIA - UN
    UN General Assembly condemns Syria
    The non-binding resolution was supported by 137 in favour, 12 against and 17 abstentions. It does not criticize opposition violence. Ban Ki-moon calls on Assad to stop possible "crimes against humanity". Russian and Chinese envoys in Damascus; in Tunis, Western and Arab countries studying support maybe even military intervention. No attention paid to what Syrian people want.

    29/10/2011 SYRIA
    The Arab League calls on Damascus to stop the killing of civilians
    An "urgent message" of the Ministerial Committee. But the killings continue: Friday, there were 44 victims, according to opposition sources, who call for a no-fly zone. Talk of an armed anti-regime force: the claim is supported by reports of an attack on a few checkpoints, that killed 17 soldiers.



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