2 March, 2015 AsiaNews.it Twitter AsiaNews.it Facebook            

Help AsiaNews | About us | P.I.M.E. | | RssNewsletter | Mobile





mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato
e-mail this to a friend printable version


» 05/04/2007
CHINA-MYANMAR-INDIA
Gas and oil from Africa and the Middle East will pass through Myanmar
China will build a gas pipeline of 2,380 kilometres from the Myanmar coast to Yunnan. Meanwhile it exploits the rich Burmese reserves to the detriment of the population. India too plans a gas pipeline from Myanmar. Fears rise that the gas will aid the military junta in its oppression of the ethnic minorities.

Beijing (AsiaNews/Agencies) – China and India are courting Myanmar’s energy supplies.  While Beijing aims to transport Middle Eastern and African oil through the region, New Delhi is planning a gas pipeline from Myamnar to India through Bangladesh. But experts are concerned that the country’s natural wealth favours the military junta to the detriment of the population.

At the beginning of April, the National Development and Reform Commission, China's top economic planning body, approved the oil pipeline linking Myanmar's deepwater port of Sittwe with Kunming, capital of south-western China's Yunnan province.  China will invest 8 billion Yuan (1.04 billion dollars) to build a gas pipeline, which will stretch 2,380 kilometres, linking Myanmar with Kunming. This pipeline will transport 170 billion cubic meters of natural gas from the Middle East to south-western China in the next 30 years.  The long-awaited pipeline would provide an alternative route for China's Strait of Malacca crude-oil imports from the Middle East and Africa.

Meanwhile Beijing is exploiting the Burmese reserves.  In January the China National Petroleum Corp. (Cnpc) signed a deal with the Burmese government to explore and extract oil and gas off the country’s west coast.  The other Chinese energy giants (Sinopec and China National Offshore Oil Corp. Cnooc) have long been active in the area: in 2006 Fu Chengyu, Cnooc president, said that the company would concentrate the medium term investments in two countries: Myanmar and Nigeria.

Energy hungry India has been cooperating with its ancient rival Myanmar since the ’90’s. New Delhi has long been planning a gas pipeline of 950 kilometres through Bangladesh, but so far difficulties in relations with Dhaka have convinced Yangon to sell its gas to China.  But May 1°, Bengalese Foreign Affairs Adviser Iftekhar Ahmed Chowdhury on returning from Myanmar, re-launched the project stating that his country “agreed to negotiate for allowing the pipeline if Myanmar sells gas and India agrees to buy”.  The pipeline would cost 1 billion dollars, and it’s estimated that India would pay Bangladesh 100-120 million dollars to allow rights of passage. 

Myanmar is believed to have Southeast Asia’s largest natural gas reserves and as a result other States such as Japan and South Korea have long been active in the country.  Thailand alone speeds an average 1.2 billion dollars per year for Burmese gas.  Observers note that as a result the military junta which controls the country is courted by foreign governments to the detriment of human rights abuses that it carries out against ethnic minorities.  Human Rights Watch has for some time denounced that the main gas deposits were found in western Myanmar where the ethnic minority of the Arakan live. Last week, inhabitants of Kyaukpyu town near Ye Nan Taung, attacked and stoned the Cnooc offices, accusing them of underpayment.  Wong Aung, spokesman for the Shwe Gas movement which aims to protect the rights of the Arakan, has repeatedly reported that Cnooc takes possession of Arakan land and treats the inhabitants as if they were their employees, but adds that it is almost impossible to obtain justice for them in “a land without laws”. (PB)

 


e-mail this to a friend printable version

See also
01/12/2007 CHINA – SOUTH EAST ASIA
Mideast oil to be shipped up the Mekong River
01/15/2007 PHILIPPINES – ASEAN
ASEAN members fear Chinese juggernaut
12/30/2008 MYANMAR - CHINA
Agreement between Myanmar and China: Beijing secures gas supplies for 30 years
12/06/2007 CHINA – INDIA – MYANMAR
China beats India for Myanmar’s main gas field
04/13/2004 China - Middle East
Need for oil draws China close to Saudis and Iranians
by Maurizio d'Orlando

Editor's choices
EGYPT - ISLAM
What Tayeb and Sisi said is big step towards a revolution in Islam
by Samir Khalil SamirThe grand imam of Al-Azhar slammed literalist interpretations of the Qur'an and the Sunnah, as fundamentalists and Islamic terrorists do. He supports the urgent need for Islam's reform, especially in terms of teaching lay people and clerics. He also calls for an end to mutual excommunication (takfir) between Sunnis and Shias. Egyptian President al-Sisi chose to fight the Islamic state group after it beheaded 21 Coptic Christians, whom he called "Egyptian citizens" with full rights.
SAUDI ARABIA - ISLAM
For head of Al-Azhar, religious education reform is needed to stop Islamic extremismFor Ahmed al-Tayeb, it is urgent to come up with new educational programmes to avoid "corrupt interpretations" of the Qur'an and Sunnah. Islamic terrorism undermines the unity of the Muslim world. He blames Mideast tensions on a "new global colonialism allied to world Zionism". a speech by the Saudi king is read at the conference.
HONG KONG - CHINA - VATICAN
It looks like someone is trying to shout us down
by Card. Joseph Zen Ze-kiunThe widespread optimism concerning the dialogue between the Holy See and China is largely groundless. Some Chinese bishops unable to speak freely are asked "leading" questions. The key issues remain unresolved, namely episcopal appointments and the fate of the Chinese Catholic Patriotic Association. Benedict XVI's Letter to Chinese Catholics, also cited by Pope Francis, provides guidelines. No agreement is better than a bad agreement. What happened to Msgr. Cosma Shi Enxiang and Msgr. James Su Zhimin? Hong Kong's bishop emeritus, champion of religious freedom in China, delivers a vibrant reflection.

Dossier

by Giulio Aleni / (a cura di) Gianni Criveller
pp. 176
Copyright © 2003 AsiaNews C.F. 00889190153 All rights reserved. Content on this site is made available for personal, non-commercial use only. You may not reproduce, republish, sell or otherwise distribute the content or any modified or altered versions of it without the express written permission of the editor. Photos on AsiaNews.it are largely taken from the internet and thus considered to be in the public domain. Anyone contrary to their publication need only contact the editorial office which will immediately proceed to remove the photos.