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  • » 07/10/2013, 00.00

    IRAN

    Iranian currency collapse mainly affects health care



    The rial drops following the latest round of economic sanctions. The public health sector is the most affected, with drug prices rising 76 per cent. For many Iranians, medicine is no longer affordable.

    Tehran (AsiaNews/Agencies) - Tehran's attempts to counter the collapse of its national currency are having serious implications for the national health sector. The Iranian central bank, which until last week subsidised exchange rates applied to basic necessities, like food and medicines, de facto lifted them last Saturday. As a result, the Iranian currency has appreciated, making it nigh impossible for most Iranians to buy many imported drugs.

    When the central bank opened on Monday, the new exchange rate was 102 per cent higher than on Saturday, 24,777 vs 12,260 rials, Tehran-based Etemaad newspaper reported yesterday.

    Iran's parliament approved the removal of the old subsidised exchange rate on the condition that the government compensate patients and the Health Ministry, the country's biggest importer of medicines, for the rise in prices. However, the details of the compensation plan have yet to be worked out.

    "A national health insurance [scheme] would be the best option to solve the medicine subsidies problem," Mohammad Hossein Qorbani, a member of the Iranian parliament's healthcare committee, told the Fararu news website. "But the Health Ministry and Social Security Organisation could not execute the necessary means."

    Qorbani suggested that private insurance companies could play a role in the government's plans to compensate patients, but some reports indicate that several insurance companies have refused to refund fully policyholders for medicines that jumped by 40 to 90 per cent.

    The economic sanctions imposed by the European Union and the United States have increased financial pressure on the Islamic Republic with the aim of dissuading Tehran from pursuing its nuclear programme.

    The latest round of sanctions, the ninth of the Obama administration, kicked in on 1 July targeting Iran's national currency.

    White House Press Secretary Jay Carney said that the new sanctions target Iran's currency "by authorising the imposition of sanctions on foreign financial institutions that knowingly conduct or facilitate significant transactions for the purchase or sale of the Iranian rial, or that maintain significant accounts outside Iran denominated in the Iranian rial."

    If sanctions were not enough, Iran has had to cope with unprecedented inflation, with its currency losing two-thirds of its value in just two years, going 16,000 rials per US dollar in early 2012, to 36,000 on 30 April of this year.

    "The idea is to cause depreciation of the rial and make it unusable in international commerce," said David Cohen, the Treasury Department's undersecretary for terrorism and financial intelligence.

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    See also

    02/10/2012 IRAN
    Rial loses almost 17 per cent in a single day
    The government tries to counter the problem by setting up a foreign exchange centre funded with oil revenues where dollars will be sold at a rate 2 per cent cheaper than the street rate. In a year, official foreign reserves dropped from US$ 106 billion to 50-70 billion, whilst inflation is running at 25 per cent a year.

    04/10/2012 IRAN
    The population of Tehran protests against Ahmadinejad and the collapse of the rial
    Clashes with the police have taken place in the city's commercial districts and in front of the headquarters of the central bank. The population accuses the president of having no idea how to deal with the monetary crisis. In less than a week, the rial has lost almost 40% of its value. For Iranians meat has become a luxury.

    08/10/2012 IRAN
    Government and people struggling with the rial's crisis
    Tehran has imposed a fixed dollar rate, but transactions are on hold. Prices are rising on a daily basis, sometimes even 100 per cent. Iran's parliament has criticised Ahmadinejad's populist policies. Businessmen and middle class families are eager to buy foreign exchange.

    24/03/2014 JAPAN
    Tokyo aims to curb health care costs: "Keep the elderly at home, stop long term hospitalizations"
    The country is aging at a seemingly unstoppable pace, the birth rate continues to decline and the cost of the hospital sector soars to 350 billion Euros per year. The government is trying to lower the numbers and announces a reduction in reimbursements for surgically inserted feeding tubes, which currently include 260 thousand elderly.

    23/11/2010 CHINA
    If Beijing does not stop inflation, serious social unrest might follow
    Major economists note that rising food prices are causing major dissatisfaction, which could lead to street protests. The authorities are trying to limit the problem. For some observers, China should let the value of the yuan rise to reduce the effects of US-induced inflation.



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