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  • mediazioni e arbitrati, risoluzione alternativa delle controversie e servizi di mediazione e arbitrato


    » 07/06/2012, 00.00

    INDIA

    India, free medicines for all people soon



    The government has announced a 5.4 billion dollar project. The plan covers only generic drugs. The doctors who will prescribe brand-name medications are likely to incur fines. Big pharmaceutical companies critical: they will sink the market.

    Mumbai (AsiaNews / Agencies) - More than half of India's population will soon be able to get medical treatment for free. The central government has in fact initiated a 5.4 billion dollar project, which includes the distribution of generic drugs at no cost. The decision has already attracted strong criticism from major foreign pharmaceutical companies, who accuse the authorities of undermining the market to attract consensus in the general election of 2014. However, if it were to remain unchanged, the project promises to change the lives of millions of people, and the face of the entire health system in India.

    Whether they work in large urban hospitals or clinics in small rural areas, doctors can prescribe state funded generic medicines to all patients. According to the government plan, if found to prescribe "brand" medicines, the doctor will incur fines of varying extent. However, doctors will be able to spend 5% of their total budget (approximately 50 million dollars per year) in brand-name drugs that have no generic equivalent. The situation of those who work in private clinics and hospitals remains unchanged.

    The plan is revolutionary, especially in a country like India where health care is still considered a luxury good: private hospitals cost on average four times more than the state hospitals, despite the 40% of the population living with just 1. 25 dollars per day.

    According to the government, within five years at least half the Indian population (about 1.2 billion people) will benefit from this service. "The government policy - said LC Goyal, Adjunct Secretary in the Ministry of Health -is to promote greater and more rational use of generic drugs, which meet every standard of quality, but cost much less than the brand."

    Pharmaceutical companies worldwide - including Pfizer, GlaxoSmithKline and Merck - will be among the most affected by this project. Every year they spend billions of dollars in research, with the aim of promoting a solid brand name drugs in emerging economies (like India), where 90% of drug sales is represented by generic drugs.

    In India, the American company Abbott Laboratories and GlaxoSmithKline are the largest distributors of drugs, both brand and generic. In 2010, the first bought an Indian company that produced generic drugs.

     

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    01/12/2010 INDIA
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    04/10/2005 CHINA
    Only those with money can afford health care in China
    For 20 years hospitals have been run on a profit basis. Only a minority is covered by medical insurance; others sell what they own or try their own remedies. Hospitals often prescribe unnecessary treatment and drugs.

    19/11/2004 CHINA
    Poor farmers left to die in their homes

    Almost 80% of the ill farmers die at home with no medical care. Central government is promoting a new model of rural health co-operatives and scholarships to medical students from poor areas



    09/06/2009 INDIA – CHINA
    Beijing and New Delhi at loggerheads over the sale of fake Chinese drugs in Africa
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    13/11/2004 AFGHANISTAN
    Roses instead of poppies to blossom in Afghanistan
    United Nations and German NGO fund project to grow 40,000 roses and eradicate poppy cultivation.



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