» 12/20/2013, 00.00
World Bank and Vietnamese Church against forced expropriations: they halt development
Social tensions arising from land disputes drive away foreign investors and diminish growth. Expected development index lowest since 1999. In three years, more than 700 thousand disputes put dozens of infrastructure projects at risk. Bishops' Conference : Constitutional amendments are needed to protect ownership of property. UN official in support of the Catholics of Con Dau .
Hanoi ( AsiaNews)
- The age-old question of land ownership in Vietnam, due to repeated abuse and
forced evictions to the detriment of the individual and the community, is not
only a legal and constitutional issue, but represents an obstacle to the
economic development of the country. Social
tensions arising from land disputes - a battle that saw the Bishops' Conference
fighting for the people - are likely to ward off foreign investors and tarnish
growth targets . The
warning comes not only from activists and organizations for the protection of
human rights, but from experts from the World Bank analysis institute based in
Washington, who speak of possible " social unrest " triggered by the
forced requisition of land for construction projects or industrial activities. Moreover
it confirms the fears of economists: in 2012 there was the growth rate lowest
in the last 13 years.
Kwakwa , national director of the World Bank in Vietnam , said that " the
inability to resolve disputes on land issues," could worsen the "
inequality " because many are likely to " lose the use of land
without adequate compensation ." And
this, in turn, "would lead to social unrest". The
analyst also speaks of "missed opportunities" in investments, which
are necessary to "create jobs and promote a rapid growth of Vietnam".
of these realities she adds "are ideal " for the country .
official government forecasts for the economy confirm the seriousness of the
2013 growth was around 5.4%, but will drop to 5.25 % next year, this is the lowest
figure recorded since 1999. In
just three years about 700 thousand disputes over land have been registered ,
most of which concern compensation claims. Data
from the World Bank shows that from 2001 to 2010 about one million hectares of
agricultural land has been converted for other purposes , however , disputes on
land ownership have blocked or delayed many of the 80 infrastructure projects
financed by the Bank Asian development
( ADB) for at least two years, for a total of $ 9 billion .
builders and investors still prefer to keep projects and construction sites,
because the risk of non-productivity is strong and the legal disputes end up
delaying projects, with an exponential growth in costs. In
addition, the Politburo of the Communist Party in November last admitted an
increase in "corruption," which combined the widespread practice of
"backroom negotiation " and illegal trafficking by executives and
officials who "abuse of position for bribes and illegal profits " .
is trying to run for cover and, last November passed a law aimed at limiting the land disputes,
which transform into farmers angry into folk heroes . The
law will come into force in July 2014, and states that the government can not seize
land, as is happening now, under the guise of "economic development
requisition can only be justified in the "general" socio-economic interest.
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