» 12/20/2013, 00.00
World Bank and Vietnamese Church against forced expropriations: they halt development
Social tensions arising from land disputes drive away foreign investors and diminish growth. Expected development index lowest since 1999. In three years, more than 700 thousand disputes put dozens of infrastructure projects at risk. Bishops' Conference : Constitutional amendments are needed to protect ownership of property. UN official in support of the Catholics of Con Dau .
Hanoi ( AsiaNews)
- The age-old question of land ownership in Vietnam, due to repeated abuse and
forced evictions to the detriment of the individual and the community, is not
only a legal and constitutional issue, but represents an obstacle to the
economic development of the country. Social
tensions arising from land disputes - a battle that saw the Bishops' Conference
fighting for the people - are likely to ward off foreign investors and tarnish
growth targets . The
warning comes not only from activists and organizations for the protection of
human rights, but from experts from the World Bank analysis institute based in
Washington, who speak of possible " social unrest " triggered by the
forced requisition of land for construction projects or industrial activities. Moreover
it confirms the fears of economists: in 2012 there was the growth rate lowest
in the last 13 years.
Kwakwa , national director of the World Bank in Vietnam , said that " the
inability to resolve disputes on land issues," could worsen the "
inequality " because many are likely to " lose the use of land
without adequate compensation ." And
this, in turn, "would lead to social unrest". The
analyst also speaks of "missed opportunities" in investments, which
are necessary to "create jobs and promote a rapid growth of Vietnam".
of these realities she adds "are ideal " for the country .
official government forecasts for the economy confirm the seriousness of the
2013 growth was around 5.4%, but will drop to 5.25 % next year, this is the lowest
figure recorded since 1999. In
just three years about 700 thousand disputes over land have been registered ,
most of which concern compensation claims. Data
from the World Bank shows that from 2001 to 2010 about one million hectares of
agricultural land has been converted for other purposes , however , disputes on
land ownership have blocked or delayed many of the 80 infrastructure projects
financed by the Bank Asian development
( ADB) for at least two years, for a total of $ 9 billion .
builders and investors still prefer to keep projects and construction sites,
because the risk of non-productivity is strong and the legal disputes end up
delaying projects, with an exponential growth in costs. In
addition, the Politburo of the Communist Party in November last admitted an
increase in "corruption," which combined the widespread practice of
"backroom negotiation " and illegal trafficking by executives and
officials who "abuse of position for bribes and illegal profits " .
is trying to run for cover and, last November passed a law aimed at limiting the land disputes,
which transform into farmers angry into folk heroes . The
law will come into force in July 2014, and states that the government can not seize
land, as is happening now, under the guise of "economic development
requisition can only be justified in the "general" socio-economic interest.
Peter Doan Van Vuon, anti-forced evictions hero, gets five years
Despite the convictions, the family's punishment was not as bad as expected. The men in fact got two to five years in prison whilst the women were handed down suspended sentences. Although blaming them for the bad "impact on social order", the judge decided to avoid a verdict that could fuel social tensions.
Hanoi Archbishop condemns violence against Thai Ha parish
On 3 November the church and monastery were assaulted by officers and activists who invaded the yard, smashed the door and insulted Redemptorists. Attack an attempt to bend the will of religious for the resistance to the expropriation of the land of another parish.
Diocese of Hanoi: destruction of the crucifix of Dong Chiem "true sacrilege"
The site has belonged to the parish for more than one hundred years and since 1944 has been used as a cemetery. Priests and faithful travel to express solidarity with the attacked parishioners. Found and hospitalized two wounded that police had taken away.
At a difficult time for Vietnamese Church, ordination of bishop of Bac Ninh
Thousands of faithful have celebrated with Bishop Hoang Van Dat, in recent weeks one of the targets of the disinformation campaign by authorities. Human Rights Watch asks the government to put an end to the violence against Catholics, and to release those who have been arrested.
Popular protests in China: the Party appeals for "unity and stability"
CHINA - VATICAN
The persecution of Catholics during the Cultural Revolution
The documentation of that violent period was burned or buried in archives. Only a few survivors speak. The persecutors are silent in fear. The burning of religious objects and furnishings in Hebei. Bishops humiliated and arrested in Henan; nuns beaten with sticks and killed, or buried alive. A persecution that "is not over yet"; Today it is perhaps only more subtle.
Silence shrouds 50th anniversary of Cultural Revolution in China and in the West
The bloody campaign launched by Mao Zedong killed nearly 2 million people and sent a further 4 million to concentration camps. Every Chinese has been marked by fear. But today, no memorial service has been planned and no newspaper article has appeared. The Party’s internal struggles and Xi Jinping’s fear of ending up like the USSR. Even today, as then, there are those in Europe who keep quiet and laud the myth of China. Many are predicting a return to the "great chaos".
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